Like other breeds, Dalmatians show a propensity for certain health problems. Hip dysplasia (which affects only 4.6% of pure Dalmatians) is not an issue in this race. The Dalmatian Club of America shows the average life of a Dalmatian, between 11 and 13, although some can live 15-16 years. Health Survey of races in the United States and the United Kingdom shows a half-life of 9.9 and 11.55 years respectively. In his boys, men and women can suffer from bone spurs and arthritic conditions. Autoimmune thyroiditis is a relatively common condition in the race, which affects 10.4% of dogs.
Genetic predisposition for deafness is a serious health problem for Dalmatians, and only about 70% had normal hearing. Deafness was not recognized by early breeders, so the race was thought wise. Even after recognizing the problem as a genetic defect, the farmers do not understand the nature of dogs, and deafness in Dalmatians continues to be a common problem.
The researchers are now known deafness in albino animals, and the paint is caused by the lack of mature inner ear melanocytes. This may affect one or both ears. The condition is common in other breeds that share a genetic predisposition to light pigmentation. This includes but is not limited to Bull Terriers, Poodles, Boxers, Border Collies and Danes.
Only dogs with bilateral hearing should be allowed to run, although people with unilateral hearing, and also dogs with bilateral deafness, make good pets with proper training. Dalmatians with large patches of color present at birth have a lower rate of hearing loss and improvement of this characteristic, which is currently prohibited in the breed standard, can reduce the frequency of deafness in the breed. One of the main reasons that patches are a factor of disqualification in Dalmatians is to preserve the precious stained layer (dogs of continuous playback with patches would result in largely patched Dalmatians with few spots).
Blue-eyed Dalmatians have a higher incidence of deafness Brown-eyed Dalmatians, although an absolute connection between the two functions has not been conclusively demonstrated. While blue-eyed Dalmatians are not necessarily deaf, many kennel clubs consider blue eyes like a failure or disqualification, and some people discourage the use of blue-eyed dogs in breeding programs.
Dalmatians, like humans, can suffer from hyperuricemia. Dalmatians have problems Livers breaks uric acid, which can accumulate in the serum of the blood (hyperuricemia), causing the fall, and may be secreted at high concentrations in the urine, causing kidney stones and gallstones. These conditions are more likely in middle-aged men. Males over 10 are subject to kidney stones and reduced calcium intake or be given preventive medicines. To reduce the risk of gout and calculations, care owners should limit their intake of purines, ensuring the dogs food containing offal of animals, products or other ingredients that are high in purines. Hyperuricemia in Dalmatians responds to treatment with Orgoteina, the veterinary formulation of the antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase.