Monday, April 15, 2013

Craniomandibular Osteopathy in Dog


What Craniomandibular osteopathy?

Craniomandibular osteopathy or osteoarthropathy is a condition in which abnormal bone growth occurs in the lower jaw bone from a dog, or even an angel Bula mandible and timpani. This growth is not cancerous, and most dogs will recover when they grow up. Without treatment, craniomandibular osteopathy, but can make it difficult or impossible for the dog to eat and care for animals is organized. This condition can be very painful for the dog, and fever can manage it.

Symptoms Craniomandibular osteopathy

Craniomandibular osteopathy first symptoms observed by dog ​​owners that the dog usually looks in pain while eating or chewing. Even puppies can be very reluctant to have oral examination. This often can not be normal for a dog owner to see if there are variations in the jaw.

Craniomandibular osteopathy usually manifests when the puppy is 4-7 months, but symptoms can appear when the dog is not more than 3-4 weeks of age. In some dogs, no symptoms at all until the dog is 10 months.
In most dogs, Craniomandibular osteopathy two-way, but there are exceptions.

Breeds with an increased risk of developing Craniomandibular osteopathy

Craniomandibular osteopathy most common in the West Highland White Terrier, but it happens in many other terriers trah, including Scottish Terriers, Boston Terriers, and Cairn Terriers. It has also been diagnosed in Great Danes, Doberman Pinschers, and Labrador Retriever. It is believed hereditary Bulldogs as well, but more research is needed before anyone can know for sure.

Craniomandibular osteopathy inherited as an autosomal recessive trait medium.

Craniomandibular osteopathy treatment

Craniomandibular osteopathy can be treated with anti-inflammatory drugs, usually cortisone. The most common drugs used to treat craniomandibular osteopathy is Prednisone. If your dog has a very mild case of Craniomandibular osteopathy, give baby aspirin can be enough to take care of the pain. In those cases, your vet may also manages a cortisone injection singles.

Always consult your veterinarian to obtain a diagnosis identifying and discussing the type of anti-inflammatory drugs that are ideal for certain dogs, and how it should be. How much and for how many weeks of medication depends in part on how severe the problems are. In most cases, dogs with Craniomandibular osteopathy should be treated with anti-inflammatory medications for long periods of time, usually 4-10 months.

Because anti-inflammatory drugs often cause troublesome side effects, it is important to find the lowest dose that particular dog.

If you give your dog Prednisone, keep in mind that these drugs cause increased thirst and hunger. Your dog will also need to urinate more frequently.

It is very important to not stop giving your dog an anti-inflammatory effect when you see an improvement, because the symptoms Craniomandibular osteopathy tends to run in cycles of 10-14 days. If you stop treating your dog, symptoms will appear again.

When it is time to wean your dog from cortisone, you need to make a slow and gradual process. Sudden stop is not a good idea. In some situations, you may have to increase the dosage to deal with reoccurring pain and / or fever.

Congenital Vertebral Anomalies in Dog

Congenital vertebral anomalies is the medical term for spine problems is when a puppy is born. A congenital defect or abnormality is characteristic that the puppy was born with, which is a condition that there is at birth. Many hereditary and congenital malformations caused by genetic factors, but they can also be a result of something that happened when the puppy is still in the womb. A pregnant bitch or become infected with certain viral infections, including herpes, can for example produce puppies with congenital malformations. Environmental factors such as poisoning or malnutrition can also cause congenital malformations.

The vertebral term used to describe something related to the spine, which is one of a chain of bones forming the backbone of the dog. Plural form of the vertebrae. A congenital vertebral anomalies as anomalies found in the spinal dog.

Last but not least, the anomaly is a deviation from the normal or common order of things. Anomalies do not always have to be disabled, it's just something that deviates from the norm. An anomaly in the spine but will often cause problems for the dog, because anomalies can make it impossible for the spine works just as it should. A spine anomalies can for example cause spinal cord compression by vertebral canal or causing damage spine stabilized. In some dogs, the number of vertebrae is not true, while the other dogs suffer misshaped vertebrae or spine.

Many different congenital vertebral anomalies have been observed in dogs. Some of the most common examples is Hemivertebrae, Butterfly vertebrae, block vertebrae, spine and Transition.

Hemivertebral in dogs

Hemivertebrae is a problem caused by the lack of reliable blood suppl
y which makes it possible for the bones to form properly. A portion of the spine will not be formed, and the results will be wedge shaped bone that can cause dogs spine angle. Among the many congenital vertebral anomalies identified, hemivertebrae are the most likely to cause neurological problems in dogs. The most common place in the body of this include problem dogs, and when this happens the dog will get screw-shaped tail.

Some dogs trah hemivertebrae are more likely to develop than others, including Pugs, Boston Terriers, and both French and English Bulldogs. Sometimes young Bulldog puppy died hemivertebrae.

Butterfly vertebral in dogs

In normal dogs, notochord subsided for bone development and is still the center of the disk invertebral. In dogs with butterfly vertebrae, the notochord is not properly abated. The result looks like a butterfly when it appears on the x-ray, the spine butterfly names. This anomaly rarely cause any symptoms.

Bulldogs, Boston Terriers, Pugs are more likely to be born with Butterfly vertebrae compared with other purebred dogs.

Restrictions vertebral in dogs

Vertebral block is a condition in which the spine segmentation is not appropriate. Part of the bone, or the entire spine, added together, and this can lead to an angel in a dog butt. In most dogs, the bone block does not cause symptoms.

Canine Hip Dysplasia in Dog


What dog hip dysplasia?

Hip dysplasia is a congenital disease in dogs that causes the acetabulum and the femur head to expand in normal mode. Hip dysplasia is more common in large and heavy people, such as the Saint Bernard dogs, mastiffs and Rotweillers, but can also affect small breeds such as the Cocker Spaniel and the Springer Spaniel. Hip dysplasia is not only seen on pure types, but also happens to crossbreed.

The hip your dog consists of a sort of "ball-in-socket" construction that allows the hip to move and flexible. In dogs suffering from hip dysplasia, a "ball" does not fit well in the socket properly. When the ball does not fit properly, the result is friction which in turn causes damage and can be very painful for the dog. Each time the dog puts weight on the affected joint, joint capsule tension friction. Eventually, this tension will cause permanent damage to the cartilage and inflammatory proteins are produced in the hip.

Hip dysplasia and age

Many dog ​​owners believe that hip dysplasia and other forms of arthritis is only a problem for older dogs, but the reality is that some dogs develop hip dysplasia problems while still in their early youth.

When young dogs develop hip dysplasia, usually form called acute hip dysplasia. Acute hip dysplasia cause severe hip pain for dogs and can cause anything from mild to significant discrepancies. Acute level can last from several weeks to several months.

Chronic level of hip dysplasia can develop in dogs less than one year, but are more common in older dogs. Chronic hip dysplasia is characterized by a gradual decrease of the range-of-motion hip. Just as acute dysplasia, this painful condition for dogs.

Symptoms of hip dysplasia in dogs

A dog with hip dysplasia may show symptoms such as reluctance to climb stairs and jump (eg in the car), difficulties arise when resting, and activity levels generally declined. Some dogs develop hind limb paralysis, gait can be arrogant or bunny-hopping. Dogs will suffer from hip pain or hip. The pain can occur after exercise.

Please note that some dogs do not show or only minimal signs outside hip dysplasia hip dysplasia although they suffer significantly.

Hip dysplasia in dogs treatment

Several different treatments are available for dogs with hip dysplasia. In some dogs, non-surgical treatment can be efficient, at least for a while. Physical therapy and exercise control are two commonly used treatment for dogs with hip dysplasia. If your dog is overweight, weight loss program recommended. Pain medication can also make life more pleasant for dogs with hip dysplasia.

When it comes to surgical treatment, there are two main methods to deal with hip dysplasia in dogs: procedure prophylaxis and therapy procedures. The purpose of the procedure prophylaxis is to prevent the development of rheumatoid, for example by performing a pelvic osteotomy symphysiodesis three or genitals. Therapeutic procedures intended to treat or save an already suffering from arthritis of the hip significantly. You can for example get a dog femoral head ostectomy or complete hip replacement. There is also examined as DARthroplasty the operation.

Skeletal and Muscular Disorders in Dog


Just like humans, dogs can suffer from various disorders of bones and muscles are different, from the light that does not produce symptoms or very significant to decide on a problem that requires extensive treatment. Some bone and muscle disorders can be deadly, especially if not treated.

In order to understand how disorders of bones and muscles work, it is important to first understand the basics of how the system of bones, muscles and nerves work, normal healthy dog. Because dogs are mammals like us humans, we actually have a lot in common when it comes to policies such as configuration framework and how the muscles work.

The dog skeletal system

Rigid framework serves as a protection dog for vital organs such as the heart and lungs. The framework also supports the weight of the dog. Along with that, the fact that the frame is not completely rigid, but is actually quite flexible allowing the dog to run, jump, climb and do all kinds of activities agile.

The bones in your dog composed of collagen, a protein-based fibers. In this protein fiber bases, salts of calcium and phosphorus will deposit to make bones stronger and more rigid. Calcium and phosphorus are the two most important minerals for your dog frame system, but this does NOT mean that you should force feed you tons of dog food or supplements rich in calcium and phosphorus, as too much of a good thing can be just as bad as too little , or at least be totally useless.

In your dog, there are two types of bone: cortical bone and trabecular bone. Cortical bone is very dense type of bone and make 4/5 of the bones in the body. The remaining fifth is trabecular bone, which is also referred to as bone sponge. Trabecular bone found in the cortical bone is strong and protective.

Bone growth in young dogs

As your puppy grows older, will also grow larger, and this means that the bone should grow bigger. Long bones of the body that are specific dog bone compared with others, such as the skull, because they need to grow very rapidly over a relatively short period. This is especially true for large and giant dog breeds. When the long bones in your dog grows, it all begins with the formation of cartilage policy. Once the cartilage has been formed, osifikasi will set in, which is the process by which minerals bind themselves to the cartilage in order to transform into bone cartilage real. Bone for your dog grows, the area where bone growth occurs will be extra sensitive to injury.

Bone repair

When your dog has reached full height of his bones will stop growing again, but this does not mean that they turn into a kind of "dead" part of the dog. Over the life of a dog, his bones will continue to be replaced by new bone is formed. Old bone cells are removed, and new bone cells are formed

More Information Bone and muscle disorders in dogs: 

Canine hip dysplasia
Congenital vertebral anomalies in dogs
Kraniomandibula osteopathy in dogs
Elbow dysplasia in dogs
Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy in dogs
Hypertrophic Osteopathy in dogs
Syndrome Legg-Calve-Perthes in dogs
Luxating patella in dogs
Mastication muscle myositis in dogs
Mastication muscle myositis (MMM) and ekstraokular myositis (EOM) in dogs
Osteoarthritis in dogs
Osteochondritis Dissecans in dogs
Panosteitis in dogs
Spondylosis in dogs

Sunday, April 14, 2013

Leishmaniasis Deseae in Dog


What leishmaniasis?

Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease found throughout the world and Leishmania can affect dogs and humans alike. Was introduced to the North American continent quite recently and a lot of vets who are not familiar with this disease, so it is easy to miss. Leishmaniasis is caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania and can only be spread by certain species of sand fly bite. This disease in two forms: skin and visceral Leishmania Leishmania. Both types can affect dogs. Visceral Leishmania far more serious than cutaneous Leishmania, because it means that the parasite has reached the dogs vital organs.

Symptoms of leishmaniasis in dogs

Leishmaniasis are developed slowly in the body of a dog and can take up to seven years from infection to the point when dog owners start to see symptoms of leishmaniasis in dogs. Symptoms are often vague and veterinarians can treat dogs for other more common diseases before realizing that the cause of the problem is leishmaniasis. There are also quite a lot of dogs that seem naturally resistant to parasites - they are infected but they never develop symptoms of leishmaniasis. In endemic areas, up to 90% of the dogs may have a genetic predisposition to not develop any symptoms.

Common symptoms of leishmaniasis in dogs are weakness, fatigue, exercise intolerance, and loss of appetite (often result in weight loss). In some dogs, the symptoms are accompanied by hepatosplenomegaly lymphadenopathy, local or general, and / or fever. Up to 90% of dogs suffer from symptoms of visceral leishmaniasis have both and skin lesions. Cutaneous leishmaniasis lesions are usually dry and the dog will lose hair. Head is usually the first place to show lesions, especially on the nose and pinna. Lesions derived from squirrels cavort also quite common. Finally, leishmaniasis lesions can spread throughout the dog's body.

Articular involvement is not uncommon when it comes to leishmaniasis in dogs, and can cause joint swelling and stiff gait. Other symptoms of leishmaniasis in dogs is chronic diarrhea, deformed and brittle nails, and ocular lesions.

Leishmaniasis treatment for dogs

Unfortunately, leishmaniasis in dogs is difficult to cure. Experts still do not know why, but visceral leishmaniasis much harder to treat in dogs than humans. In many dogs, symptoms appear back as soon as treatment is stopped.

In areas where leishmaniasis is endemic, the most commonly used treatment for dog leishmaniasis is pentavalent combination of allopurinol and Antimonial, such as sodium stibogluconate or meglumine antimonite. If you live in the United States, Pentostam ® (sodium stibogluconate) is currently only available Antimonial drugs. Unfortunately, many of today parasite resistance to the compound above. There is also problematic side effects.

Other treatments may be is Amfoterisin B because these drugs bind sterols and disrupt cell membrane permeability dog. This medicine is unfortunately nefrotoksik, and treatment can not be said to be very effective.

Given parenteral Paramomycin will act synergistically with antimonials (eg meglumine antimonite or sodium stibogluconate), thereby creating a higher level of antimonials in dog body for long periods of time, but also nefrotoksik.

Pentamidin isetionat has proven effective against leishmaniasis in dogs, but you should bring your dog to the vet for a minimum of 15 intramuscular injections. This injection was undoubtedly painful for the dog.

Several types of oral medications are efficient when it comes to just contain the disease, but the costs of long term care can be difficult for many dog ​​owners. Examples of drugs is Itrakonazol, Flukonazol, miconazole, and Ketaconazole. The other problem with the routine use of the drug is prolonged risk of drug resistance.

Neosporosis Disease in Dog

What Neosporosis?

Neosporosis is a disease caused by a parasite dog named coocodian Neospora caninum. Until 1988, this parasite confused with T. gondii. Most experts agree that a lot of dogs diagnosed with toxoplasmosis until 1988 actually suffer Neosporosis.

Domestic dog and coyote is certain hosts to parasites, while many domestic animals and other wildlife can serve as intermediate hosts - including deer, horses, cattle, sheep and goats. Dogs infected with Neospora caninum ookista will explain in their feces.

Neosporosis symptoms in dogs

Puppies and adult dogs can develop Neosporosis. Neosporosis clinical signs are usually focused on the network of nerves and muscles in dogs, but can also include heart, liver, lungs and skin.

The most severe and frequent infections - including those that cause paralysis ascending limb - which is rarely seen in adult dogs, it is not young dogs less than 6 months of age are most at risk. When the disease is transmitted from the mother to her children, puppies usually begin to show visible symptoms of Neosporosis at the age of 3 to 9 weeks.

Neosporosis can be distinguished from other types of paralysis by atrophy and stiffness gradually. In dogs with Neosporosis, pelvic limb even more seriously affected than the thoracic limbs. As the disease progresses, the muscles rigid contracture will set in. In addition, some puppies will develop joint deformation and knee recurvatum.

Compared with T. gondii, N. caninum seems to be more susceptible to inflammation stimulates the infected dog, and Neosporosis can cause severe phlebitis and dermatitis.

General weakness in dogs that suffer Neosporosism, and the disease can also cause dysphagia and megaesophagus. In extreme cases, Neosporosis can be deadly for dogs, while some will last for someone willing to hand feed them and care for them.

Neosporosis not too often seen in older dogs, but whey they get sick they often show signs of multifocal CNS involvement or polymyositis.

Neosporosis treatment for dogs

Unfortunately, knowledge Neosporosis in dogs and other animals is very limited. Many veterinarians have successfully used Klindamisin however, sulfadiazine, and pirimetamin to treat Neosporosis. In some situations, a combination of these compounds will be needed. If Neosporosis has reached a level where do experience muscle contractures or paralysis progress rapidly, treatment is not very effective Neosporosis available.

Adult dogs and puppies who have reached the age of 16 weeks is known to respond better to treatment than Neosporosis young pup.

Prevention Neosporosis

Prostitutes infected person can transmit Neosporosis infants through the placenta and may not be used for breeding. There is no known cure for the prevention of transmission Neosporosis sucks if he is used for breeding.

To prevent serious Neosporosis, all dogs should be treated as soon as your vet has diagnosed Neosporosis in one litter partners.

Saturday, March 30, 2013

Giardiasis in Dogs


Giardiasis is a disease caused by dog ​​giardia and protozoa found in the small intestine of dogs and cats in many parts of the world. Protozoa are single-celled organisms, and we still know very little about them. The Giardiasis causing protozoan called giardia in dogs Canis.

As mentioned above, we are now very little about giardia protozoa and no exception. Members animals still not sure about the best way to treat giardiasis in dogs, or even why some dogs develop giardiasis in the first place. Most experts now believe that giardia infections are very common, but that only a very limited number of dogs that never show any symptoms.

It is also not sure whether you can catch giardiasis from infected dog and strict hygiene therefore recommended when treating dogs with suspected or confirmed giardiasis. What we know for sure is that humans can be infected by the parasite giardia by drinking contaminated water and develop giardiasis.

Giardiasis Shipping for dogs

A dog can be infected by eating or drinking giardia cysts of protozoa. When the cysts reach the small intestine of dogs, it will open and release the active form of giardia protozoa. This form is called trophozoite. Giardia trophozoites using a flagellum to move, the type of hair that can be used to whip back and forth, resulting in mobility. Trophozoites attaches itself to the intestinal wall where their dog was taking root and multiply by division. Finally, a new cysts formed by how, after how long a period of time and where the dogs body formed cysts are still unknown. Kista will leave the dog through feces and is now ready to infect other dogs - or other susceptible animals.

Giardiasis symptoms in dogs

In most dogs, giardia infection does not cause disease. When disease-causing protozoa do, the main symptoms of giardiasis in dogs is diarrhea. Younger dogs seem more prone to symptoms of giardiasis grown from adult dogs. Diarrhea caused by giardiasis can be acute, intermittent or chronic. Most dogs will defend their appetite, but they can still lose weight because the diarrhea persists. In dogs, giardiasis will damage the lining of the intestine and make it difficult for the intestines to absorb nutrients from food. Giardiasis also affect the entire digestive process. Dog owners can see that their dog shit seem strange, often pale and greasy. Dirt can also spray smells even worse than that emitted from normal dog shit.

Giardiasis medicine for dogs

Because we still know little about Giardiasis, difficult to give definite guidelines on the treatment of giardiasis in dogs. Different vets use different treatment, and there is also the question of when to start treatment of giardiasis. Because many dogs carry giardia protozoa without experiencing symptoms, it's probably not a good idea to begin to treat all dogs are going to test positive for giardia. Others pointed out that since the giardia protozoa can be transmitted from dogs to humans, all cases of giardia in dogs should be treated immediately to prevent human disease. There are also quite a lot of cases where veterinarians suspect giardiasis but failed to find giardia protozoa using testing methods available. Opinion about the case differs from vet to vet, but many will provide dogs with giardiasis if the dog is sick, point symptoms of giardiasis and other possible causes have been ruled out.

It should be noted that some of the popular Giardiasis treatment for dogs has not been approved for use in dogs by the United States Food and Drug Administration. It is also possible that treatment is available only remove a cyst from dog poop, without really killing giardia live in the intestines of dogs. Further research on dogs with giardiasis is needed before anyone can know for sure.

Fenbendazole is an antiparasitic drug that can kill several types of intestinal worms, and has been proven to help in the control of giardiasis as well. Fenbendazole can be used on its own, but a lot of vets who choose to combine with metronidazole when treating dogs with suspected giardiasis. Metronidazole known effective against some types of bacteria that cause diarrhea, so in cases where the perpetrator may giardia metronidazole can not manage the problem by killing the bacteria. Metronidazole is also around 60-70% effective in eliminating Giardia from infected dogs. Problems with her liver toxicity metronidazole is. It is also very bitter and dogs may refuse to take orally. If you have a pregnant bitch, metronidazole should not be used ideally for allegedly causing physical damage in the developing embryo.

Before Fenbendazole, veterinarians are often used to treat giardiasis quinacrine hydrochloride in dogs, but not as effective as quinacrine hydrochloride Fenbendazole and many dogs respond to treatment with vomiting, loss of appetitive, fever and weakness.

Coccidiosis in Dogs


What coccidiosis?

Coccidiosis are sick dogs that can be caused by a wide array of coccidian protozoa. All coccidian protozoa that microscopic, single-celled parasites that are capable of forming spores. They owned apicomplexan Conoidasida class, and need to take animal cells to survive and proliferate. The main causes coccidiosis in dogs is isospora species, such as isospora. Canis, isospora burrowsi, isospora ohioensis, and isospora neorivolta certain that all species are able to cause infection in humans.

Coccidian protozoa usually live in the intestinal tract of the dog where it can spread to other dogs through contaminated feces. Dogs can also be exposed to coccidiosis by eating an infected network.

Puppy with coccidiosis

Most dogs infected with protozoa Coccidian not show signs of illness because their immune systems are strong enough to deal with parasites. The majority of dogs are taken to the vet for the puppy, because young puppies do not develop a strong enough immune system. Puppies suffer from coccidiosis is almost always transmitted by feces of their mother. Their immune system is immature - often combined with the stress that is transferred to a new owner, leaving the mother and siblings, and may have to travel far - allows the parasite to cause full blown coccidiosis infection.

Coccidiosis symptoms in dogs

As mentioned above, the dog can be infected Coccidian remove protozoa and cysts in her feces without showing symptoms of coccidiosis. When cysts include dogs are very young or immuno-compromised, but the parasite can cause serious problems.

Puppies infected with protozoa Coccidian often start to show symptoms when they are around 2-3 months. Early signs often diarrhea. Over time, the puppies suffer coccidiosis may develop diarrhea and dirt that can contain thick mucus, liquid and / or be very light in color. If coccidiosis infection becomes more severe, blood can be seen in dog feces. Defecation can suddenly make it impossible for the dog to stay in the house damaged.

If coccidiosis is not treated the symptoms will disappear from many dogs (but they can still pass on the disease to others), but also can cause permanent damage and even death to take your dog to the vet is highly recommended if your dog starts to show symptoms of coccidiosis. Koksidiosis very common.

Coccidiosis medicine for dogs

Coccidiosis is a very common problem, especially among children dog, but fortunately there is a wide range of effective and affordable treatment available to coccidiosis in dogs. Most drugs will affect only a few days. Even if coccidiosis infection has evolved to the point where the blood can be seen in the feces of dogs, proper treatment can prevent permanent damage to the gastrointestinal.

One of the most popular coccidiosis treatment for dogs is a family-owned drug sulfonamida. This should however be noted that some dogs can suffer damage if the tear glands treated with sulfonamida. Some vets will measure tear production before and during use sulfonamida for dogs with coccidiosis treatment. Other veterinarians choose to use without sulfonamida coccidiosis treatment.

Babesiosis in Dogs


What is Babesiosis?

Babesiosis is a rare disease in dogs, but it was not there and important for dog owners and veterinarians should jelly on Babesiosis symptoms in dogs. Babesiosis is caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Babesia and the disease is quite similar to malaria. Babesiosis is transmitted by ticks and damage red blood cells in dogs. Dogs are not the only one who can catch Babesiosis from ticks, humans are exposed as well.

The Babesia genus contains over 100 species but not all of them are contagious to dogs. In the United States, some of the dog's dangerous Babesia species have been discovered, including the Canis Babesia and Babesia gibsoni.

Babesiosis delivery for dogs

Babesiosis transmitted to dogs through the bite of infected ticks. A lice must remain attached to the dog for at least 2-3 days to causing disease and check your dog for ticks at least once a day because of the large prevention methods against Babesiosis. Dogs can also send Babesiosis to bite other dogs, and pregnant slut can spread disease to their unborn puppies them.

Babesiosis symptoms in dogs

Babesia parasites infect red blood cells of dogs, and this will cause the dog's immune system to kill the red blood cells are infected. This will kill the parasite Babesia, but if a large number of red blood cells are lost in the process will give your dog anemia. The immune system can also run amok and starts killing red blood cells infected too.

Babesiosis common symptoms in dogs are weakness, fever, yellow dye eye (and skin), and the urine is red or orange. Platelet count in the blood can drop significantly, which makes possible the normal blood clotting. If parasites attack the central nervous system, a dog with Babesiosis can display neurological problems, as well as local inflammation. Lungs may also be damaged by Babesiosis, and some dogs will also suffer heart problems.

Babesia treatment for dogs

Present form Babesia treatment has severe side effects, and most veterinarians to treat dogs will avoid long as they do not show symptoms. It is possible for dogs infected with Babesia without getting sick. Even with medicine, can be difficult to completely eliminate all parasites from the dog. If you have a female dog that tested positive Babesia, he can not be used to breed - even if he is completely free of symptoms.

Besides killing parasites, the vet will need to reduce the damage caused by the disease. About 50% of dogs will need blood transfusions such symptoms.

If you live in the United States, your veterinarian may use dipropionat Imidocarb
to treat your dog as this is the only Babesia drugs approved in the United States. A single dose can be enough to get rid of your dog from Babesia Canis, whereas Babesia gibsoni and other small Babesia species will require at least two doses given two weeks apart. Imidocarb dipropionat should be vaccinated and are usually quite painful for the dog. Dogs may also experience fever, muscle tremors, chills, increased heart rate, salivation, swelling of the face, agitated and tore points. Some vet because inject atropine in dogs before injecting dipropionat Imidocarb.

If you live outside the U.S., you may be able to find Aceturate Babesiosis Diminazene since this drug is a very popular treatment for Babesiosis around the world, especially for Babesia Canis. A single injection is usually enough to cure a dog if the culprit is Babesia Canis. Just like Imidocarb dipropionat, Diminazene Aceturate have serious side effects, including seizures, low blood pressure, and nausea. It is possible for a dog to death as a side effect of this drug. The self-injection also painful.

Two other drugs that are available outside the United States is sulfate Quinuronium and isetionat Phenamidine. If you fail to find isetionat Phenamidine in your home country, isetionat Pentamidine can be used as a substitute. (PHENamidine vs pentamidin.) Sulfate Quinuronium similar to malaria treatment and your dog will require two injections two separate days. In most dogs, you can see a marked improvement after the second injection with Quinuronium sulfate.

Last but not least, blue tripan can be used to restrict the entry of Babesia parasites in red blood cells of dogs. This will reduce the symptoms of Babesiosis in dogs and is given as an infusion.

Babesia Future medicine for dogs

A new type of Babesia treatment for dogs are currently being tested and has shown promising results. Treatment consists of a combination therapy where dogs given Atovaquone, Azitromycin, Quinine, and / or Clyndamycin.

Babesia vaccine for dogs

A Babesia vaccine currently available in France, but it seems to be effective only against certain strains of the parasite. Studies in France have shown the effectiveness of this vaccine is 89% of the Babesia.

Protozoal Disease in Dogs


Protozoal disease in dogs is an infection caused by the protozoa, one-cleed eukaryotes. Microbial eukaryotes is uniseluler which the cell has developed the core membrane bound. Protozoan infections in dogs can affect several systems and is responsible for a variety of symptoms and diseases of dogs.

Symptoms of protozoal disease in dogs

Because there is such an abundance of protozoa species capable of attacking the dog, it is difficult to give general guidelines about the symptoms to look for in your dog. Protozoan infection symptoms in your dog will also depend on the organ affected. Entry point for protozoa can for example determine where the initial symptoms are present in the dog. Below you will find a list of symptoms generally associated with protozoal disease in dogs, but because you see many of them are generally associated with a high number of other diseases, such as diseases caused by viruses and bacteria.

· Anorexia
· Blindness
· Respiratory problems
· Cough
· Diarrhea
· Enlarged lymph nodes
· Pressure
· Fever
· Muscle cramps
· Paralysis
· Cramp
· Vomiting
· Weight loss
· Yellow staining

Examples of diseases caused by protozoa dog

· Acanthamebiasis, caused by Acanthamoeba species
· Amebiasis, caused by Entamoeba histolytica
· Babesiosis, caused by Babesia species
· Balantidiasis, caused by Escherichia Balantidium
· Coccidiosis, usually caused by Cystoisospora
· Kriptosporidiosis, caused by Cryptosporidium parvum
· Cytauxzoonosis, due Cytauxzoon Felis
· Hepatozoonosis, caused by Hepatozoon Canis
· Encephalitozoonosis, due Encephalitozoo
· Giardiasis, caused by Giardia species
· Leishmaniasis, caused by Leishmania species
· Neosporosis, caused by Neospora Cani
· Pneumocystosis, caused by Pneumocystis carinii
· Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii
· Trikomoniasis, due Pentatrichomonas hominis
· Trypanosomiasis, caused by Trypanosoma cuniculinum cruzin
Ways to diagnose protozoan infections in dogs

If your vet suspects that your dog may be infected with the protozoan, it can do a test one or several efforts to determine the truth. To begin with, a veterinarian who will book a complete blood count (CBC), biochemical profile urinanalysis and. In addition, the veterinarian may decide to perform serological tests, examine your dog's feces, had chest and abdominal X-ray taken, and / or directly involved in the identification of organisms. In order to implement the introduction of live organisms, the vet will most likely need to remove and evaluate specific cells or tissues from your dog.

How to treat a dog with protozoan infections

The exact behavior depends on the protozoa that have infected your dog, the organ affected, and how severe the infection. The type of your dog and your dog's overall health should also be considered. (Certain line can be tolerant of a particular treatment.) In severe cases, treatment may need to be accompanied by protozoa supportif intensive treatment, and your dog may need a blood transfusion. Many species of protozoa cause severe diarrhea with a significant loss of fluids and keep hydrated dog is often one of the most important aspects of supportif intensive treatment for dogs infected with protozoa.

Thursday, March 28, 2013

Rhodesian Ridgeback Dog Descriptions


Rhodesian Ridgeback Dog Description

Appearance
The Rhodesian Ridgeback distinguishing faeture is a ridge of hair along the back, walking in the opposite direction to the rest of the hairs. This consists of a fan-like area formed by two whorls of hair (called "crowns") and the slope of the shoulder back soon reach the stage of the hip. Ridge is usually about 2 inches (5 cm) in width at the widest point. It is believed to originate from the dog used by the original African dog population, which has the same butt. The first filming Ridgeback is a wall painting depicting the life Boer, located in South Africa Voortrekker Monument.

Male Ridgebacks should stand 63 cm (25 in) to 69cms (27 ins) at Withers and weighs about 85 lb (39 kg) FCI Standard), females should be 24-26 inches (61-66 cm) in height and about 70 pounds (32 kg) weight. Ridgebacks typically muscular and have made for stucco is made of red light, which should be short, dense, sleek and glossy in appearance, and not wool or silk. White received on chest and toes. The presence of black hair or beat keeper was not discussed in the AKC standard, although the elaboration of the AKC standard recorded a total black or dark brown in the mantle can not be redundant . The FCI Standard states that excessive black hair all over the mantle highly undesirable. Ridgebacks sometimes have a dark mask. Dogs nose should be black or brown (liver) in accordance with the color of the dog. No other colored nose permissible. Brown nose is a recessive gene. It is not as common as a black nose, some breeders believe the inclusion of brown noses breeding program is needed to keep the spirit of the mantle. Eyes should be round and should reflect the dog's color: dark eyes with a black nose, yellow eyes or nose (heart) brown. Ridgebacks have a tail, a strong fine, which is usually carried in gentle curve backwards.

Original standard allowed for a variety of fur colors including Brindle and sable. Modern FCI standard calls for light red made from whole grain wheat.

Other dogs breeds also have the opposite of the feather line along the spine, including the Phu Quoc Ridgeback dog and Thai Ridgeback. The Thai Ridgeback is a mixture of Phu Quoc, historians have speculated the relationship between the Rhodesian Ridgeback and Phu Quoc to note that in the history of one type may have been imported to another .

Temperament
Rhodesian Ridgebacks loyal and intelligent and somewhat aloof with strangers. It is not to be confused with aggression, a Ridgeback from the right temperament will be more inclined to ignore, not challenge, a stranger. This breed requires positive, reward-based training, good socialization and consistency, it is often not the best choice for inexperienced dog owners. Wills Ridgebacks hard, intelligent, and many seem to have a tendency to damage, even love. They protect their owners and families. If trained properly, they can be a very good guard dog, although the specific nature should not be encouraged. Like all dogs, they can become aggressive when they are not socialized properly.

Despite their athletic, sometimes forced, exterior, Ridgeback has a sensitive side. Too harsh training methods, that might be tolerated by a sporting or working dog, will likely backfire on a Ridgeback. Corrections provided Ridgeback receive fair and permitted , and for it came from someone she knew and believed . Francis R. Barnes, who wrote the first standard in 1922, acknowledged that "rough treatment ... should not be given to dogs, especially when they are young they go to species with handling of that kind .."

Samoyed Dog Informations


Samoyed Dogs

Samoyed dog takes its name from the community Samoyedic from Siberia. These nomadic reindeer herding dog bred white fur to help with the herd, and to pull sleds when they moved. Alternative name for the breed, especially in Europe, is Bjelkier

Size
Males usually have a weight between 23-30 kg (51-66 lb), while females typically weigh 17-25 kg (37-55 lb).
Height:
AKC Standard: 21 to 23.5 inches (53-60 cm) at the shoulder for males, 19-21 inches (48-53 cm) for females.
UK Kennel Club Standard: 51-56 cm (20-22 in) for males, 46-51 cm (18-20 in) for females.

Eye
Samoyed eyes are usually black or brown and almond in shape. Blue or other color eyes can occur but are not allowed in the show ring. It is in "the brown and black" in his family, Spitz family.

Ear
Samoyed ears thick and covered with fur, triangular, and erect. They are almost always white but can often have light to dark brown color (known as "cookies"), usually around the end of the ear.

Tail
Samoyed tail is one of the breed features more discriminating. Like the Alaskan Malamute, carried curled tail behind them, however, unlike the Malamute, Samoyed tail held back really touched. This should not be a tight curl or held "flag" like, it should be done lying on the back and to one side. In cold weather, the Samoyed can sleep with their tails over their noses to provide additional warmth. Almost all of the Samoyed will allow their tails fall when they relaxed and comfortable, such as when being stroked or while eating, but will return their tails to a curl when more alert.
NZKC Standard: Tail: Long and abundant, brought back when alert, sometimes down at snack time.
UK Kennel Club Standard: Tail: Long and heavy coated, brought back and to the side when alert, sometimes down at snack time.

Coat
Samoyed has a mantle, compact double layer. The mantle consists of long, coarse hair caregivers, and straight, which appear white but have a bit of silver staining. This makes the top layer of the bottom layer is very clean and free from dirt. The bottom layer, or undercoat, consists of dense fur, soft, short and hot dog making. Undercoat is typically shed the weight once or twice a year, and this seasonal process is sometimes referred to as the "mantle blowing". This does not mean the Samoyed will only shed during that time however, the fine hairs (versus the dense blobs warehouse during seasonal shedding) will be shed all year round, and have a tendency to stick to cloth and float in the air. The standard Samoyed may come in a mixture of biscuit and white coloring, although pure white and all biscuit dogs are common. Males typically have larger ruffs than females.

Temperament
Samoyed friendly position, makes them poor guard dog, an aggressive Samoyed is rare. With their tendency to bark, but they can be diligent watch dogs, barking whenever something approaching their area. The Samoyed is a very good friend, especially for small children or even other dogs, and they kept playing until old age. When Samoyed become bored, they can start digging. With their dog sled heritage, the Samoyed is not averse to exciting things, and Samoyed has no problem attracting trained on the same rope from running together. Samoyed also used to herd reindeer. They will instinctively act as herd dogs, and when playing with children, especially, will often try to turn and move them in a different direction. This breed is marked by alert and happy expression which has received the title of "Sammy smile" and "smiling dog."

Wobbler Disease in Dogs


What is Wobbler disease?

Wobbler disease is a condition that affects the dog's neck bone and cervical instability. Wobbler disease is not only found in dogs, horses can suffer as well. Wobbler disease term used to describe a wide range of different conditions affecting the cervical spine, because they all cause similar symptoms. Wobbler disease is also referred to as cervical spondylomyelopathy (CSM), cervical spine abnormalities (CVM), and cervical spine instability.

When young dogs develop Wobbler disease (very common in Scars Denmark) problem is usually caused by narrowing of the spinal canal, called stenosis. Studies have shown that high protein diets can contribute to the development of this problem.

When middle aged and older dogs (like Doberman dogs) develop Wobbler disease, the dog will usually have a disc bulge or herniation of the disc contents.

Dogs are commonly affected breed Wobbler disease

Wobbler disease far more common in big dogs race, especially Doberman and Great Danes. It is believed to be hereditary in dogs. The list is composed of people very vulnerable dogs to develop Wobbler disease:

Basset Hound
Borzoi
Boxer
Dalmatian
German Shepherd Dog
Doberman
Great Dane
Old english sheepdog
Rhodesian Ridgeback
Samoyed
St Bernard
Weimaraner

Symptoms of Wobbler disease in dogs

Wobbler disease symptoms tend to get worse and worse over time. If the disease is the result of trauma, but can progress very quickly.

Wobbler disease common symptoms include general weakness and crouched attitude which twisted neck down. Affected dogs can appear awkward and have trouble limbs and body coordination. In some dogs, dragging the toes of the rear foot is one of the first signs of Wobbler disease. Eventually, the disease will spread and the dog will start to show symptoms of the disease Wobbler from the front legs as well (symptoms are usually less severe than the hind legs). Some dogs will also develop neck pain.

While investigating veterinarian dog with Wobbler disease, X-rays generally show malaligned vertebrae and disc space narrowing. For a more definite diagnosis, myelogram organized as this will indicate whether the dog vertebral canal stenosis. In addition, the MRI can be used to determine the precise location of spinal cord compression. MRI will also tell the vet important details about the nature and severity of the compression.

Wobbler disease treatment for dogs

Wobbler disease treatment for dogs can be medical or surgical, and guarded prognosis for both types of treatment. The most common type of treatment for Wobbler disease is giving corticosteroids to control symptoms. This will usually be combined with strict cage rest. Surgical option is for surgical repair spinal cord compression, including dorsal decompression, vertebral stabilization, and "ventral slot technique" occurs that causes ventral decompression of the spinal cord. In a few dog operations will make Wobbler disease disappears completely, while other dogs suffer a relapse. Type of operation is technically difficult and you may need to do a little research before you find a quality surgeon. A recent study showed that electroacupuncture may be a third option for dogs suffering Wobbler disease, but further research is needed.

Tuesday, January 29, 2013

White Dog Shaker Syndrome in dog


What is White Dog Shaker syndrome?

White dog shaker syndrome causes full body tremors in small, white dog race. It is known by a similar name a few, such as "Shaker Dog Syndrome" and "Little White Shakers Syndrome". Lineage dogs most often affected are the West Highland White Terrier, Bichon Frise dogs, Maltese dogs, and Poodles - all small enough offspring.

The reason behind White dog syndrome is still not fully understood hook, but one theory suggests that this problem is caused by an autoimmune deficiency that caused general neurotransmitters. The resulting long autoimmune means that the dog was attacked by its own immune system. When dogs suffer white dog syndrome shaker have their cerebrospinal fluid analysis, it will quite often reveal a very high number of lymphocytes.

Symptoms white dog shaker syndrome

The first symptoms of the syndrome White dog shaker will usually appear when the dog is around 1-2 years, and will attack dogs often come when stressed. (White dog beater syndrome can appear in dogs but not more than 6 months, while the other dog is more than 3 years at the time of their first episode.)

White hook dog syndrome symptoms including nystagmus (eye movement intentionally), trouble walking, and cramps. The disease gets its name from the vibrations that can affect the whole body of the dog. Dogs with white dog syndrome can suffer hook intention tremor, which means that the vibration is worse when dogs are happy or are trying to perform a specific task. Task should not be difficult, can be as simple meals. When the dog stops trying and decided to take a break, tremor will diminish or disappear altogether.

White dog syndrome hook does not hurt to dogs, and do not affect the mental state of your dog.

In most dogs, dog syndrome symptoms become worse White hook for 1-3 days and they remain at the same level until the dog treated by a vet.

White dog shaker syndrome diagnose

The vet will make diagnose based on symptoms displayed by your dog, and your vet will also examine your dog to eliminate other potential reasons behind this kind of symptoms. Dogs that suffer from dog syndrome White hook will usually have spinal reflexes and higher normal motor function, cranial nerve function, and awareness of foot position.

White dog shaker treatment syndrome

A dog suffering from hook white dog syndrome can be treated with benzodiazepines, which can control the symptoms, and corticosteroids, which may lead to remission. Most vets will use these two drugs together to treat dogs with White dog shaker syndrome.

In most situations, the vet will give the dog a high dose of medication to begin with, and then gradually reduce the dose over several weeks. Even if your dog looks really recover you can not stop treatment without consulting your vet, because the symptoms can reappear if treatment ended prematurely.

Dogs who receive early treatment is usually going to be better and fully recover within a week. Treatment for life but can be required to keep the problem under control


Tick Paralysis in Dogs


What is tick paralysis?

Tick ​​paralysis is a disease caused by a neurotoxin that can be present in the saliva of certain female ticks. In North America, the catch dog paralysis ticks have usually been infected by Dermacentor ticks. In Australia, Ixodes ticks is public transport.

Symptoms of tick paralysis on dogs

The first symptoms shown by dogs with tick paralysis often lost control of the throat and voice box. Regurgitation and vomiting are also signs of early occurrence of paralysis ticks on dogs. As the disease progresses, the dog's hind legs will become weak or paralyzed. Weakness / paralysis then will spread along the spine towards the head. Finally, complete paralysis may set in. In the end, the dog will often suffer from respiratory problems.

Tick Paralysis prevention for dogs

If you live in areas where infected ticks can be found, you should check your dog for ticks at least once a day. The faster you eliminate the tick, the less risk that spread disease to your dog. The general rule of thumb states that a check should be attached to the dog for at least 48 hours to cause paralysis tick, tick and check every day for the best way to protect your dog from tick paralysis.

In addition to tick-removal routine, there is a wide range of commercial products are available to help dog owners in their fight against paralysis ticks fleas and other diseases that spread. If you feel confused about many products, do not hesitate to seek the opinion of a veterinarian.

One of the examples of anti-flea products available for dogs is flea collar anti. You can have your pick of various manufacturers, eg making Virbac Preventic 2 Month Tick Collar for dogs or making Bayer Tick Collar Kitix and Flea for Dogs.

If your dog to go to the full check, you might want to rinse off every 2-3 days with anti-tick rinse as Fido the Fre-Itch Rinse. Permoxin insektisidal and Rinse spray is another alternative and should be given every 7 days. Permoxin insektisidal and Rinse spray effective against fleas, ticks and mosquitoes. Just as with a collar, there are different manufacturers to choose between and you can save quite a lot of money by comparing prices before you make a purchase.

If you and your dog live in an area where ticks are common, spray or spot-on-the-back-of-neck-products may be a more practical solution than having to rinse the dog or several times a week. (Keep in mind that too often rinse bath with shampoo and / or anti-lice can make your dog's skin and coat is very dry and irritated.) Advantix is one example of a new spot-on-the-back-of-the-neck product that can be used well to repel fleas and kill every flea that is attached to your dog. Advantix should be administered twice a month and is effective against fleas, ticks, mosquitoes, ticks, and sandflies. Other places Frontline Plus Top Spot products, which also should be administered twice a month. Frontline also produces a spray that can be used every three weeks to protect your dog from ticks. Use six milliliters per kilogram of body weight when spraying. Frontline spray will also kill ticks attached to your dog.

Another alternative in the battle against fleas is like Proban oral insecticide. Proban will be released through the skin of your dog, to effectively protect the entire body from head lice. Dog owners use spray or rinse the dog they can easily miss the place, and lice can find districts. A loss for Proban is that you have to manage your dog for every two days.

Monday, January 28, 2013

Syringomyelia in Dogs


What is Syringomyelia??
Siringomielia is a condition in which a fluid-filled sac grow at the spinal cord of the dog. This can be caused by several different reasons, of which the most common in dogs are malformations Chiari I. In dogs suffering varieties, occipital bone backward and disrupt circulation of spinal fluid. This causes fluid to accumulate in the cervical spinal cord of the dog. This is borne disease and small dogs are far more at risk than middle-sized dog and race. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel especially disturbed by siringomielia passed. If your dog develops siringomielia, can become weak and begin to move the legs and chest in awkward fashion. It can also show signs of pain in the neck.

Siringomielia symptoms in dogs

The main symptom of siringomielia in dogs is a pain in the neck and the dog can be sensitive to touch on one side and neck, shoulder, ear / or sternum. In many dogs, the pain will be worse at night, in the morning when the dog woke up, and for the situation really hot or really cold. Some dogs would prefer to sleep with your head elevated.

General symptoms of siringomielia in dogs is scratching at, ear neck shoulder, or breast bone - usually only on one side of the body. Sometimes the dog will scratch without ever making contact with the skin, and the dog may start scratching while on the move.

In severe cases siringomielia in dogs, symptoms may include neurological symptoms such as weakness in the legs (both front and hindlimbs) and wobbliness when dog walking. Cramps can occur, the dog can be deaf, and facial nerve paralysis is possible.

Young dog with siringomielia sometimes suffer scoliosis, the spine bend.

Siringomielia treatment for dogs

Several types of treatments available for dogs diagnosed with siringomielia. Four basic options are operational, pain control medicine, drugs that reduce the production of cerebrospinal fluid formation, and Corticosteroids.

Surgical siringomielia treatment for dogs

The most common surgical procedure for dogs with Chiari malformations are Suboccipital decompression. This procedure will remove hipoplasia occipital bone, and also sometimes the cranial dorsal laminae, resulting in decompression of the foramen magnum. This procedure can be done with or without a durotomy. Surgery is usually only done on dogs with serious pain or neurological symptoms worsened, but on the other hand should be done as early as possible before permanent damage has occurred.

The result varies. It is possible for the problem to recur after several months or even years. In some dogs, repeated operation will be required.

After surgery, the dog will usually be admitted to the hospital until NSAID combination is enough to control postoperative pain. Many vets will for example combine rimadyl and Neurontin (the active ingredient in Neurontin is gabapentin).

Medical control pain

In mild cases siringomielia in dogs, pain can be controlled by the provision of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as rimadyl and Metacam. In more serious cases may require anticonvulsants, such as gabapentin (not licensed for dogs in the United States). Opioid pain killers also very effective. Methadone and pethidine are two examples of opioids that can be administered orally.

CSF reducing medication for dogs with siringomielia

Proton pump inhibitors such as omeprazole would reduce the formation of cerebrospinal fluid, to reduce problems with siringomielia. Omeprazol sold by various brands, including Losec and prilosec. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors such as acetazolamide are other alternatives. Acetazolamide is sold under the name diamox. The third option is furosemide.

Corticosteroids
Corticosteroids are very commonly used in siringomielia therapy for dogs because they can better reduce pain and neurological deficit. The exact mechanism is still not fully understood. Unfortunately

Scotty Cram Disease in Dogs


What is Scotty Cramp?
Scotty cramp is a disease causing cramps and hyperflexion and hiperekstensi of Scottish Terriers feet (breeding work is also known as the Aberdeen Terrier). The reason behind this problem is serotonin metabolism disorders, which make available the amount of serotonin that is too low in the affected Scottish terrier. Serotonin functions as a neurotransmitter in the body of a dog and needed to run the muscle contractions.

In dogs with Scotty cramps, abnormal levels of serotonin or look for dog are resting and relaxing. When dogs become out or doing physical activities that weight, the amount of serotonin is not high enough for the muscles to function properly, and this causes the cramps Scotty. Immediately after the dog relaxed and relax again, the episode will stop.

Scotty cramp symptoms

The first symptoms usually appear when the cramps Scotty dog ​​is between 2 and 18 months. Symptoms usually appear when the dog enthusiastically or when it has been involved in weight training. Scotty cramp mild symptoms that curved from the back and "goose-stepping" gait. In a more serious episode, dogs can suffer from sudden attacks of muscle paralyzing hipertonisitas which alternate between stretching legs (called hiperekstensi) and bending (known as hyperflexion).

A dog suffering from cramps episode Scotty did not realize - is fully realized throughout the entire episode. The dogs do not seem to find a painful episode.

When the stimulus stops, Scotty cramp symptoms will slowly disappear as well. Dogs will return to normal, and the general health of the dog is not affected by Scotty cramp. Instead, it is but true, poor general health can cause more severe episodes of cramping Scotty.

Scotty cramp treatment

One of the important aspects of treatment Scotty cramp is to identify the factors that affect your particular dog and cause hyperkinetic episode. Many things can affect the frequency and severity of cramps Scotty episode, including the environment of your dog, your dog's general health, and the factors that will change the behavior of your dog. Genetic factors are also important. The dog owners and veterinarians can work together to pin point a variety of conditions and behaviors that lead to cramps in dogs Scotty. Natural next step is to reduce factors known to increase the frequency and / or severity of the episode for your dog. Conditioning the behavior can also reduce anxiety related to dogs.

If necessary, your vet can prescribe Diazepam to cure serious episode. Diazepam is also able to prevent episodes hyperkinetic in situations where the risk of your dog has a higher than normal episode. Vitamin E also has been associated with a decrease in the frequency of hyperkinetic episode in dogs with Scotty cramp.

Antiprostaglandins, penicillin, banamine, indomethacin, and fenilbutazon can not be given to dogs with Scotty cramps since this drug well known worsen the frequency and severity of hyperkinetic episode. Do not forget that the general Aspirin is a drug antiprostaglandin.

Saturday, January 26, 2013

English Pointer Dog Description


Pointer Trail back from 300 years of English history. It is used to catch rabbits and birds. This should be athletic and graceful. Effects should be immediately created from a compact, hard-driving hunting dog watch, and "ready for release." Its main distinguishing feature of this type of head, feet, and tail. Hound or terrier characteristics are undesirable for show purposes.
Grooming an English Pointer not time consuming. The mantle is very short and requires only a quick scrub with a soft brush to minimize shedding.

The standard dye Pointer are liver and white, lemon and white, orange and white or black and white. Lemon & white dog has a flesh colored nose, while the orange & white, liver & white, and black & white dog has a dark (black or very dark brown) pigmentation on the nose. They also probably one of the above as a solid color, the body most especially white pointer, but there may be some signs of the body.

Most countries breed standards prefer symmetry and balance of the perfect size, and most will allow a number of variations if the size of the dog does not overwhelm in the field. The estimation of measurement in the United States, from the Pointer standard, are as follow: 
 HeightWeight
Males60–70 cm25–28 in25–34 kg55–75 lb
Females58–66 cm23–26 in20–30 kg45–65 lb
However, the English Kennel Club sizes are Female 24-26 in and males 25-27 in.


Temperament

Pointer even-tempered, pleasant dog, living room as part of the family happy. Pointer loving and loyal. Their aggression level is very low to non-existent and they can happily coexist with other dogs and often cats. They usually are not territorial, although their size and bark will scare most people who come to their door. Pointer is very good with children, although young children and a clumsy young Pointer are often not the best combination.

Meanwhile Pointer dog bred to be a hunter, they are very satisfied given adequate training by other means. Because they ran breed, regular exercise is important for them, as for all the generations of sports. A good size, enclosed courtyard is a must to keep a Pointer safe, because they are bred to hunt a good distance from their people. When leaving for the day, they are usually done in the best room. Pointer "couch potato" habit family enjoy relaxing in a chair or sofa. This is a natural part of their desire to feel a part of the pack.