Tuesday, January 29, 2013

White Dog Shaker Syndrome in dog


What is White Dog Shaker syndrome?

White dog shaker syndrome causes full body tremors in small, white dog race. It is known by a similar name a few, such as "Shaker Dog Syndrome" and "Little White Shakers Syndrome". Lineage dogs most often affected are the West Highland White Terrier, Bichon Frise dogs, Maltese dogs, and Poodles - all small enough offspring.

The reason behind White dog syndrome is still not fully understood hook, but one theory suggests that this problem is caused by an autoimmune deficiency that caused general neurotransmitters. The resulting long autoimmune means that the dog was attacked by its own immune system. When dogs suffer white dog syndrome shaker have their cerebrospinal fluid analysis, it will quite often reveal a very high number of lymphocytes.

Symptoms white dog shaker syndrome

The first symptoms of the syndrome White dog shaker will usually appear when the dog is around 1-2 years, and will attack dogs often come when stressed. (White dog beater syndrome can appear in dogs but not more than 6 months, while the other dog is more than 3 years at the time of their first episode.)

White hook dog syndrome symptoms including nystagmus (eye movement intentionally), trouble walking, and cramps. The disease gets its name from the vibrations that can affect the whole body of the dog. Dogs with white dog syndrome can suffer hook intention tremor, which means that the vibration is worse when dogs are happy or are trying to perform a specific task. Task should not be difficult, can be as simple meals. When the dog stops trying and decided to take a break, tremor will diminish or disappear altogether.

White dog syndrome hook does not hurt to dogs, and do not affect the mental state of your dog.

In most dogs, dog syndrome symptoms become worse White hook for 1-3 days and they remain at the same level until the dog treated by a vet.

White dog shaker syndrome diagnose

The vet will make diagnose based on symptoms displayed by your dog, and your vet will also examine your dog to eliminate other potential reasons behind this kind of symptoms. Dogs that suffer from dog syndrome White hook will usually have spinal reflexes and higher normal motor function, cranial nerve function, and awareness of foot position.

White dog shaker treatment syndrome

A dog suffering from hook white dog syndrome can be treated with benzodiazepines, which can control the symptoms, and corticosteroids, which may lead to remission. Most vets will use these two drugs together to treat dogs with White dog shaker syndrome.

In most situations, the vet will give the dog a high dose of medication to begin with, and then gradually reduce the dose over several weeks. Even if your dog looks really recover you can not stop treatment without consulting your vet, because the symptoms can reappear if treatment ended prematurely.

Dogs who receive early treatment is usually going to be better and fully recover within a week. Treatment for life but can be required to keep the problem under control


Tick Paralysis in Dogs


What is tick paralysis?

Tick ​​paralysis is a disease caused by a neurotoxin that can be present in the saliva of certain female ticks. In North America, the catch dog paralysis ticks have usually been infected by Dermacentor ticks. In Australia, Ixodes ticks is public transport.

Symptoms of tick paralysis on dogs

The first symptoms shown by dogs with tick paralysis often lost control of the throat and voice box. Regurgitation and vomiting are also signs of early occurrence of paralysis ticks on dogs. As the disease progresses, the dog's hind legs will become weak or paralyzed. Weakness / paralysis then will spread along the spine towards the head. Finally, complete paralysis may set in. In the end, the dog will often suffer from respiratory problems.

Tick Paralysis prevention for dogs

If you live in areas where infected ticks can be found, you should check your dog for ticks at least once a day. The faster you eliminate the tick, the less risk that spread disease to your dog. The general rule of thumb states that a check should be attached to the dog for at least 48 hours to cause paralysis tick, tick and check every day for the best way to protect your dog from tick paralysis.

In addition to tick-removal routine, there is a wide range of commercial products are available to help dog owners in their fight against paralysis ticks fleas and other diseases that spread. If you feel confused about many products, do not hesitate to seek the opinion of a veterinarian.

One of the examples of anti-flea products available for dogs is flea collar anti. You can have your pick of various manufacturers, eg making Virbac Preventic 2 Month Tick Collar for dogs or making Bayer Tick Collar Kitix and Flea for Dogs.

If your dog to go to the full check, you might want to rinse off every 2-3 days with anti-tick rinse as Fido the Fre-Itch Rinse. Permoxin insektisidal and Rinse spray is another alternative and should be given every 7 days. Permoxin insektisidal and Rinse spray effective against fleas, ticks and mosquitoes. Just as with a collar, there are different manufacturers to choose between and you can save quite a lot of money by comparing prices before you make a purchase.

If you and your dog live in an area where ticks are common, spray or spot-on-the-back-of-neck-products may be a more practical solution than having to rinse the dog or several times a week. (Keep in mind that too often rinse bath with shampoo and / or anti-lice can make your dog's skin and coat is very dry and irritated.) Advantix is one example of a new spot-on-the-back-of-the-neck product that can be used well to repel fleas and kill every flea that is attached to your dog. Advantix should be administered twice a month and is effective against fleas, ticks, mosquitoes, ticks, and sandflies. Other places Frontline Plus Top Spot products, which also should be administered twice a month. Frontline also produces a spray that can be used every three weeks to protect your dog from ticks. Use six milliliters per kilogram of body weight when spraying. Frontline spray will also kill ticks attached to your dog.

Another alternative in the battle against fleas is like Proban oral insecticide. Proban will be released through the skin of your dog, to effectively protect the entire body from head lice. Dog owners use spray or rinse the dog they can easily miss the place, and lice can find districts. A loss for Proban is that you have to manage your dog for every two days.

Monday, January 28, 2013

Syringomyelia in Dogs


What is Syringomyelia??
Siringomielia is a condition in which a fluid-filled sac grow at the spinal cord of the dog. This can be caused by several different reasons, of which the most common in dogs are malformations Chiari I. In dogs suffering varieties, occipital bone backward and disrupt circulation of spinal fluid. This causes fluid to accumulate in the cervical spinal cord of the dog. This is borne disease and small dogs are far more at risk than middle-sized dog and race. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel especially disturbed by siringomielia passed. If your dog develops siringomielia, can become weak and begin to move the legs and chest in awkward fashion. It can also show signs of pain in the neck.

Siringomielia symptoms in dogs

The main symptom of siringomielia in dogs is a pain in the neck and the dog can be sensitive to touch on one side and neck, shoulder, ear / or sternum. In many dogs, the pain will be worse at night, in the morning when the dog woke up, and for the situation really hot or really cold. Some dogs would prefer to sleep with your head elevated.

General symptoms of siringomielia in dogs is scratching at, ear neck shoulder, or breast bone - usually only on one side of the body. Sometimes the dog will scratch without ever making contact with the skin, and the dog may start scratching while on the move.

In severe cases siringomielia in dogs, symptoms may include neurological symptoms such as weakness in the legs (both front and hindlimbs) and wobbliness when dog walking. Cramps can occur, the dog can be deaf, and facial nerve paralysis is possible.

Young dog with siringomielia sometimes suffer scoliosis, the spine bend.

Siringomielia treatment for dogs

Several types of treatments available for dogs diagnosed with siringomielia. Four basic options are operational, pain control medicine, drugs that reduce the production of cerebrospinal fluid formation, and Corticosteroids.

Surgical siringomielia treatment for dogs

The most common surgical procedure for dogs with Chiari malformations are Suboccipital decompression. This procedure will remove hipoplasia occipital bone, and also sometimes the cranial dorsal laminae, resulting in decompression of the foramen magnum. This procedure can be done with or without a durotomy. Surgery is usually only done on dogs with serious pain or neurological symptoms worsened, but on the other hand should be done as early as possible before permanent damage has occurred.

The result varies. It is possible for the problem to recur after several months or even years. In some dogs, repeated operation will be required.

After surgery, the dog will usually be admitted to the hospital until NSAID combination is enough to control postoperative pain. Many vets will for example combine rimadyl and Neurontin (the active ingredient in Neurontin is gabapentin).

Medical control pain

In mild cases siringomielia in dogs, pain can be controlled by the provision of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as rimadyl and Metacam. In more serious cases may require anticonvulsants, such as gabapentin (not licensed for dogs in the United States). Opioid pain killers also very effective. Methadone and pethidine are two examples of opioids that can be administered orally.

CSF reducing medication for dogs with siringomielia

Proton pump inhibitors such as omeprazole would reduce the formation of cerebrospinal fluid, to reduce problems with siringomielia. Omeprazol sold by various brands, including Losec and prilosec. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors such as acetazolamide are other alternatives. Acetazolamide is sold under the name diamox. The third option is furosemide.

Corticosteroids
Corticosteroids are very commonly used in siringomielia therapy for dogs because they can better reduce pain and neurological deficit. The exact mechanism is still not fully understood. Unfortunately

Scotty Cram Disease in Dogs


What is Scotty Cramp?
Scotty cramp is a disease causing cramps and hyperflexion and hiperekstensi of Scottish Terriers feet (breeding work is also known as the Aberdeen Terrier). The reason behind this problem is serotonin metabolism disorders, which make available the amount of serotonin that is too low in the affected Scottish terrier. Serotonin functions as a neurotransmitter in the body of a dog and needed to run the muscle contractions.

In dogs with Scotty cramps, abnormal levels of serotonin or look for dog are resting and relaxing. When dogs become out or doing physical activities that weight, the amount of serotonin is not high enough for the muscles to function properly, and this causes the cramps Scotty. Immediately after the dog relaxed and relax again, the episode will stop.

Scotty cramp symptoms

The first symptoms usually appear when the cramps Scotty dog ​​is between 2 and 18 months. Symptoms usually appear when the dog enthusiastically or when it has been involved in weight training. Scotty cramp mild symptoms that curved from the back and "goose-stepping" gait. In a more serious episode, dogs can suffer from sudden attacks of muscle paralyzing hipertonisitas which alternate between stretching legs (called hiperekstensi) and bending (known as hyperflexion).

A dog suffering from cramps episode Scotty did not realize - is fully realized throughout the entire episode. The dogs do not seem to find a painful episode.

When the stimulus stops, Scotty cramp symptoms will slowly disappear as well. Dogs will return to normal, and the general health of the dog is not affected by Scotty cramp. Instead, it is but true, poor general health can cause more severe episodes of cramping Scotty.

Scotty cramp treatment

One of the important aspects of treatment Scotty cramp is to identify the factors that affect your particular dog and cause hyperkinetic episode. Many things can affect the frequency and severity of cramps Scotty episode, including the environment of your dog, your dog's general health, and the factors that will change the behavior of your dog. Genetic factors are also important. The dog owners and veterinarians can work together to pin point a variety of conditions and behaviors that lead to cramps in dogs Scotty. Natural next step is to reduce factors known to increase the frequency and / or severity of the episode for your dog. Conditioning the behavior can also reduce anxiety related to dogs.

If necessary, your vet can prescribe Diazepam to cure serious episode. Diazepam is also able to prevent episodes hyperkinetic in situations where the risk of your dog has a higher than normal episode. Vitamin E also has been associated with a decrease in the frequency of hyperkinetic episode in dogs with Scotty cramp.

Antiprostaglandins, penicillin, banamine, indomethacin, and fenilbutazon can not be given to dogs with Scotty cramps since this drug well known worsen the frequency and severity of hyperkinetic episode. Do not forget that the general Aspirin is a drug antiprostaglandin.

Saturday, January 26, 2013

English Pointer Dog Description


Pointer Trail back from 300 years of English history. It is used to catch rabbits and birds. This should be athletic and graceful. Effects should be immediately created from a compact, hard-driving hunting dog watch, and "ready for release." Its main distinguishing feature of this type of head, feet, and tail. Hound or terrier characteristics are undesirable for show purposes.
Grooming an English Pointer not time consuming. The mantle is very short and requires only a quick scrub with a soft brush to minimize shedding.

The standard dye Pointer are liver and white, lemon and white, orange and white or black and white. Lemon & white dog has a flesh colored nose, while the orange & white, liver & white, and black & white dog has a dark (black or very dark brown) pigmentation on the nose. They also probably one of the above as a solid color, the body most especially white pointer, but there may be some signs of the body.

Most countries breed standards prefer symmetry and balance of the perfect size, and most will allow a number of variations if the size of the dog does not overwhelm in the field. The estimation of measurement in the United States, from the Pointer standard, are as follow: 
 HeightWeight
Males60–70 cm25–28 in25–34 kg55–75 lb
Females58–66 cm23–26 in20–30 kg45–65 lb
However, the English Kennel Club sizes are Female 24-26 in and males 25-27 in.


Temperament

Pointer even-tempered, pleasant dog, living room as part of the family happy. Pointer loving and loyal. Their aggression level is very low to non-existent and they can happily coexist with other dogs and often cats. They usually are not territorial, although their size and bark will scare most people who come to their door. Pointer is very good with children, although young children and a clumsy young Pointer are often not the best combination.

Meanwhile Pointer dog bred to be a hunter, they are very satisfied given adequate training by other means. Because they ran breed, regular exercise is important for them, as for all the generations of sports. A good size, enclosed courtyard is a must to keep a Pointer safe, because they are bred to hunt a good distance from their people. When leaving for the day, they are usually done in the best room. Pointer "couch potato" habit family enjoy relaxing in a chair or sofa. This is a natural part of their desire to feel a part of the pack.




What is Polyneuropathy Disease in Dogs


Polyneuropathy is the term used for a variety of different edges nervous. In dogs, many breed-related disorders. The polyneuropathy name refers to the fact that some nerves are affected, distinguishing polyneuropathy from Mononeuropathy. Polyneuropathy in dogs often causes motor nerve dysfunction. Below, you will find more information about some types polyneuropathy that can affect dogs.

Dancing Doberman Disease

As the name implies, this type polyneuropatihy especially affect Doberman. Dancing Doberman Disease caused problems with the gastrocnemius muscle and the most common symptom is a rear leg will flex while dog stand. Polyneuropathy type usually start showing symptoms when the dog is around 6-7 months. Over the following months the problem will begin to affect the other hind leg, and the dog can be an alternative ending stretch and lengthen the back of each leg. This is why the disease is referred to as Dancing Doberman Disease. There is no cure for this polyneuropathy, but painless and most dogs can still walk. This disease, but will grow and cause leg weakness and muscle atrophy.

Rottweiler distal sensorimotor polyneuropathy

Rottweiler distal sensorimotor denervasi polyneuropathy cause muscle in young adult Rottweiler. The reason behind this disease is not known. A dog suffering from type polyneuropathy can show symptoms such as decreased reflexes and weakness in all four feet. Rottweiler distal sensorimotor polyneuropathy is a progressive disease, but some dogs will respond well to treatment with corticosteroids. Long-term prognosis is poor however.

Sensory neuropathy

Boxers, long-haired dachshunds and English pointer at greater risk for sensory neuropathy compared to other purebred dogs. Sensory neuropathy is a condition that will cause loss of proprioception, and can also affect the ability to feel pain. Dogs who can not feel pain naturally prone to injury, including self mutilation. There is no known treatment for hereditary sensory neuropathy in dogs and bad prognosis for this polyneuropathy severe cases. Boxers contact normally displays the first symptoms at a very young age, usually when the dog is around 2 months. Dachshunds usually 2-3 months at the beginning of the first noticeable symptoms, while the English Pointer likely 3-8 months. In the long-haired dachshunds, incontinence and penile mutilation are two common symptoms of this polyneuropathy. In English Pointer, the most common symptoms is not excessive licking and biting of the paw.

Tick ​​paralysis

Tick ​​paralysis is comparable acute motor paralysis can affect dogs that have been bitten by ticks. Polyneuropathy cause this is the type of neurotoxin present in the saliva of certain species of ticks. In North America, tick paralysis in dogs is usually the result of the bite of the Dermacentor ticks, whereas Ixodes ticks are more common in Australia. In the United States, affected dogs will usually heal in 1-3 days if you eliminate the tick / flea, but the situation is far worse for the dog on the continent of Australia. Dogs that develop type polyneuropathy in Australia will often suffer the effects of cranial nerves, and death within 48 hours is not uncommon.


Friday, January 25, 2013

What is Laryngeal Paralysis in Dogs

Laryngeal paralysis is a condition that affects the muscles responsible for controlling aretynoid of laryngeal cartilage (voice box). This can cause problems such as respiratory problems and voice change. In healthy dogs, aretynoids will close during swallowing and opens a lot for heavy breathing. In dogs with laryngeal paralysis, the aretynoids only breaks down in the neutral position, which naturally cause respiratory problems as well as problems with eating and drinking.

When dogs become hot, such as exercise or hot weather, need pants to regulate body temperature and prevent hypothermia. If the dog laryngeal paralysis, aretynoids will open enough and adequate ventilation is impossible. In addition, the airway will not be protected enough when dogs swallow, and cough and choke because it often occurs in dogs with laryngeal paralysis. If the dog does not accidentally get something into the airway, it can cause aspiration pneumonia.

Laryngeal paralysis more common in the big race of the small and medium sized trah. The majority of dogs do middle-aged or older.

In some purebred dogs, laryngeal paralysis is a congenital birth. Examples of these are the descendants of the Bull Terrier, Siberian Husky, Dalmatian, Rottweiler, Bouvier des Flandres and. Dogs can be obtained from other types of this condition, and obtain laryngeal paralysis is a common enough example old Labrador retriever, Irish setter, St. Bernhard dog, and a Golden Retriever.

Laryngeal paralysis may be secondary to a number of different health problems, including cancer, hypothyroidism, and general neuropathy. It can also be caused by trauma. Choke collars are not believed to increase the risk of laryngeal paralysis.

Symptoms of laryngeal paralysis in dogs

A dog with laryngeal paralysis symptoms views as voice changes, coughing or choking while eating, and exercise intolerance. Dogs can have respiratory problems and sometimes will be very noisy breathing. In severe cases of laryngeal paralysis, respiratory problems can cause syncope and cyanosis. Severe laryngeal paralysis require immediate medical attention, to be involved hipertermia and serious breathing difficulties.

Laryngeal paralysis treatment for dogs

In mild cases of laryngeal paralysis, medical or surgical treatment may not be needed. Caring for your dog's weight at a healthy level, limiting the level of activity, and protect it from the environment in which it will be exposed to high ambient temperatures can be enough.

Laryngeal paralysis in dogs with moderate, mild sedative can be helpful.

If dogs develop acute problems, required urgent medical treatment. Examples of dangerous problems such as difficulty breathing, aspiration pneumonia, and hipertermia. A dog with this type of problem will require sedation and oxygen therapy. Dogs can also take benefit from antibiotics and / or steroids. In some dogs, tracheotomy would be necessary.

A dog with severe laryngeal paralysis may benefit from surgical treatment, but only after it has stabilized. This procedure is known as lateralisasi aretynoid ("tieback larynx"). During this procedure, one cartilage aretynoid be sewn in the maximum open position. This will improve the ventilation, but can simultaneously increase the risk of pneumonia.

Thursday, January 24, 2013

Granulomatus Meningoenecephalitis in Dogs


What is granulomatous meningoencephalitis (GME)?

Granulomatous meningoencephalitis (GME) is a disease in which the central nervous system of the dog becomes inflamed. There are many different types of granulomatous meningoencephalitis, including chronic Pug Dog Encephalitis.

Granulomatous meningoencephalitis (GME) is a descendant toys more general than the other varieties, and female dogs are often affected than male dogs. The majority of dogs diagnosed with granulomatous meningoencephalitis (GME) were young or middle age.

Type of granulomatous meningoencephalitis

Focal granulomatous meningoencephalitis
In dogs with focal granulomatous meningoencephalitis, the disease causes granuloma formation, usually in the brain or cerebellopontine angle of the dog. Focal granulomatous meningoencephalitis symptoms can be acute or develop gradually over several months, depending on where exactly granuloma are.

Diseminata granulomatous meningoencephalitis
When granulomatous meningoencephalitis spread throughout the central nervous system of dogs, is called granulomatous meningoencephalitis distributed. (Previously, this condition is often referred to as inflammatory Reticulosis.) In dogs suffering from disseminated granulomatous meningoencephalitis cells, mononuclear and neutrophils are accumulated around the blood vessels of the central nervous system. General symptoms disseminated granulomatous meningoencephalitis dog is depression, problems with movement coordination, head tilt, nystagmus, and seizures. Meningitis can be set in and cause fever and sore throat.

In the eyes of granulomatous meningoencephalitis
Ocular granulomatous meningoencephalitis is a very rare form of granulomatous meningoencephalitis causing sudden blindness dog. Blindness is a result of optic neuritis, and the disease will affect both eyes. Some dogs will also develop retinal ablation, uveitis, and glaucoma.

Pug Dog Encephalitis

Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE) is a chronic form of granulomatous meningoencephalitis that can be passed in Pugs, Yorkshire terriers and Maltese dogs. Chihuahua and Shih Tzus can also suffer Pug Dog Encephalitis. Pug Dog Encephalitis different from other forms of granulomatous meningoencephalitis due to cause more tissue damage and more tests will show increased eosinophils. Pug Dog Encephalitis is also known as necrotizing meningoencephalitis.

When Pugs and Maltese dogs that are affected, they usually will develop extensive necrosis and inflammation of the white matter and materials subkortikal big brain gray. Two early symptoms of general Pug Dog Encephalitis in Pugs and Maltese dogs are stiff and dementia. As the disease progresses, the dog may start circling around, it might keep his head tilted, and nystagmus may occur.

When Yorkshire terrier, Chihuahua and Shih Tzus expand Pug Dog Encephalitis, this disease will only affect the white matter and the symptoms are due to the brain stem and central vestibular problems. Because of this, Pug Dog Diseases sometimes referred to as necrotizing leukoencephalitis when influencing descent.

Whatever breed of Pug Dog Encephalitis down with (PDE), the treatment will consist of corticosteroids. Corticosteroids can relieve symptoms, but many dogs with Pug Dog Encephalitis will eventually die from the disease.

Granulomatous meningoencephalitis treatment for all dogs breeds

When granulomatous meningoencephalitis was diagnosed, the veterinarian can manage immunosuppressive drugs such as azathioprine, cyclophosphamide, or Corticosteroids. Cytosine arabinoside, siklosporin, and prokarbazin also been used to successfully treat granulomatous meningoencephalitis in dogs.

When it comes to GME focus, radiation therapy is known to cause a long remission.

Medical treatment and / or radiation therapy can reduce symptoms, but many dogs with granulomatous meningoencephalitis will eventually die from the disease.

Tuesday, January 22, 2013

Cerebellar Hypoplasia in Dogs


What is cerebellar hypoplasia?

In dogs with cerebellar hypoplasia, small brain is not fully developed when born puppies. This can be due to various reasons and there is a hereditary factor. In dogs, one of the most common result of cerebellar hypoplasia is bacterial or viral infection dog while still in the womb. Dog herpes virus can cause cerebellar hypoplasia example. Other factors that can cause problems for the fetus to grow and bring in cerebellar hypoplasia injured, poisoned, and nutritional deficiencies. In the Irish setter and wire-haired Fox Terrier, cerebellar hypoplasia associated with lissencephaly.

What is cerebellum?

Cerebellum is the part of the brain responsible for handling dogs and coordinate movement. When a dog is born with cerebellar hipoplasia, small brain cells yet due properly before birth, resulting in inkoordinasi and poor balance to dogs.

Some dogs breeds are more at risk

Incident to hipoplasia cerebellar higher in Ireland setters, fox terriers Whire haired, Boston terriers, Bull terrier, and Chow-Chow.

Breeding advice

If the dog is born with cerebellar hipoplasia, parents and siblings should ideally not be used for breeding since hipoplasia cerebellar can be passed. Dogs naturally affected should also not be allowed to breed. The exact mode of inheritance is still not fully understood, but some evidence points to an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance.

Cerebellar hipoplasia symptoms in dogs

In dogs with cerebellar hipoplasia, poor balance is one of the most prominent symptoms. Puppies may have broad-based attitude, which stood with legs far to stay more balanced, and some puppies do not seem to know exactly where their feet, which makes them look awkward and walk on foot knuckled. Gait can be stiff or high-stepping, and some dogs continue to be three-fold and fall. Some dogs will develop head and / or body tremors, especially when they are happy. Hipoplasia cerebellar symptoms ranged from mild to severe. Dogs with cerebellar hipoplasia may appear dizzy, but they have the same mental awareness as a normal dog. General health is also affected dog.

Clear hipoplasia cerebellar symptoms at birth, or can be seen in 2 weeks. They do not get worse with age.

Cerebellar hypoplasia treatment for dogs

There is no cure or treatment for cerebellar hipoplasia. In mild cases, but it is possible for a dog to live a pretty normal life, even with a relatively poor sense of balance and coordination. If you feel that you can adjust the fit of your dog's life, usually there is no need to put the dog to sleep. Hipoplasia cerebellar usually stay that way, it will not get worse or better as an adult dog. Some dogs will learn to compensate for the problem, at least to a certain extent. Dogs will cerebellar hypoplasia usually will reach the normal age for their particular type.

Coonhound Paralysis (Polyradiculoneuritis) in Dogs


What is Coonhound paralysis?

Coonhound paralysis is a form polyradiculoneuritis. Because the reasons behind the identified health problems is not yet known, it is often referred to as acute idiopathic polyradiculoneuritis. (Idiopathic = Disorder without known cause.) What we do know is that the disease is somehow associated with Racoon bites, and that the symptoms are caused by auto-immune reaction. Coonhound paralysis occurred only in dogs that had previously been aware of ("allergic") to certain antigens, and these antigens are most often proteins from saliva Racoon. When a dog bites a second time, the immune system runs amok. Coonhound paralysis in dogs, there is an inflammation of the nervous and immune mediated nerve roots. Dog's immune system will attack the body's own neural network is not protected.

Despite extensive research, no poison that had been identified in saliva and paralysis Coonhound raccoons because it may not have a reaction to poison. The members also have searched in vain for any micro-organisms present in saliva that can cause paralysis Racoon Coonhound.

Hind leg weakness, decreased reflexes, and paralysis are common signs of Coonhound paralysis in dogs. It should be noted that only a very limited number of all dogs bitten by racoons expand Coonhound paralysis. It seems as though the disease only affects a dog, not a cat.

Coonhound paralysis symptoms in dogs

Coonhound paralysis symptoms will usually begin to show a few days after the bite Racoon. Dogs will show hind leg weakness and decreased reflexes, and then gradually become more and more paralyzed. As Coonhound paralysis progresses, the affected dog will lose control of their bladder. In severe cases, the dog may also lose control of his breathing.

Dogs that receive treatment supportif will usually heal in 4-6 weeks. Most dog runs Coonhound paralysis if they receive the right treatment, but paralisa breathing can cause death.

Coonhound paralysis vs rabies

Raccoon bites not only can cause paralysis Coonhound, also known racoons carry rabies. Coonhound paralysis symptoms sometimes very similar to the early signs of rabies and is therefore very important to let a qualified veterinarian to determine the cause of the problem of your dog.

Coonhound paralysis treatment for dogs

Unfortunately, there is no known cure for dogs with Coonhound paralysis. In addition, dogs that have suffered in the past Coonhound paralysis showed an increased risk of developing further symptoms if exposed to raccoon saliva again.

Many dog ​​overcome paralysis Coonhound own, as long as they are treated in the mean time. Dogs affected may for instance require fluid therapy to prevent dehydration, hand feeding to prevent malnutrition, and bed appropriate to prevent pressure sores. Some dogs with Coonhound paralysis requiring respiratory support.

Because dogs can develop urinary problems, catheter may be required. Important aspect of treatment is to prevent paralysis Coonhound urine scald.

Physiotherapy is needed to maintain the mobility and circulation of muscles and joints, and will also prevent muscle attenuation.

In extreme cases, could take up to 12-16 weeks for dogs with Coonhound paralysis to recover limb control. Some dogs never recover, while others only heal part. But there are also many dogs that achieve a full recovery. Dogs with respiratory problems have a very bad prognosis.

Dancing Doberman Disease in Dogs


What is Dancing Doberman Disease?

Dancing Doberman Disease - also known as Dancing Doberman Syndrome - is a disease only seen in Doberman dogs. Due to the extremely believed to be carrying disease and the prevalence of this problem can most likely be kept at bay with strict breeding program that aims to breed dogs only free from disease.

Dancing Doberman Disease (DDD) is a particular form of influence miopati dog gastrocnemius muscle. (Miopati is the term used for diseases in which muscle fibers neuromusculer not function properly, resulting in muscle weakness.) Gastrocnemius muscle is a strong muscle located at the base of the dog. Muscle is important for both standing and walking.

Second Doberman male and female dogs can develop Dancing Doberman Disease.

Dancing Doberman Diagnosis

Many vets are not very aware of this disease, as only found in the Doberman. The other problem with DDD is the fact that the symptoms listed above can be easily confused for symptoms form a variety of other health problems, such as inflammation of the spinal cord, spinal tumors, spinal arthritis, disc disease lumbosacral, Cauda equina syndrome, and cervical vertebral instability (CVI). Dancing Doberman Disease may be more common than we tend to think, and we'll probably see an increase in the diagnosis of a growing number of veterinarians learn more about this disease.

When dogs with neurological problems come to the vet, the vet will carry out a number of tests to try and find out the reason behind the symptoms. In dogs suffering Dancing Doberman disease, most of these tests will appear normal - including the amount of blood test, x-ray, thyroid function tests, and biochemical tests.

Dancing Doberman Disease Symptoms

Dancing Doberman Disease Symptoms usually first appear when the dog is 6-7 months, but the age of onset can vary from just 4 months to 10 years. When the dog stands, one of his hind legs will suddenly bend. Over the ensuing months, the problem will usually start affecting the other hind leg. A dog with Dancing Doberman Disease can be an alternative ending stretch and lengthen the back of each leg and this behavior is the reason behind the name of health problems. Many dogs will start knuckling on their hind legs and some dogs eventually will avoid standing all together, they would prefer to lie or sit down. However, they can still very able to walk around. No signs of pain associated with Dancing Doberman Disease.

Treatment for Dancing Doberman Disease

Unfortunately, there is no know cure or treatment for Dancing Doberman Disease. On the positive side, most dogs with DDD live as old as each other Doberman and state seems to be really painful to the dog. The majority of affected dogs can still walk. Dancing Doberman Disease But growing disease that would cause weakening and atrophy of the leg muscles.

Saturday, January 19, 2013

Facial Nerve Paralysis in Dogs


What is facial nerve paralysis?

Facial nerve paralysis in dogs can have many causes, including trauma, inflammation of the middle ear (otis media), neuromuskuler disease, inflammatory CNS disease, cancer, polineuropati (a disease that affects the nervous fold), and operations in the ears or around the area. In many dogs, the vet will never find the cause of facial nerve paralysis.

In dog facial nerve paralysis, there is a problem with the seventh cranial nerve. This causes improper function or complete paralysis of the muscles that control facial expressions and facial movements, including the muscles responsible for moving the lips, nose, eyelids, and ears.

Facial nerve paresis is a mild condition that is causing weakness in the face, not a full blown paralysis.

Breeds at risk

Facial nerve paralysis can affect all dog race, but some are more prone to this problem than others. Examples of exposed dog race is Boxer, English setter, Cocker Spaniel, and Pembroke Welsh corgi.

Facial nerve paralysis symptoms in dogs

Symptoms of facial nerve paralysis can vary depending on the underlying health problem.
Facial nerve paralysis will often cause symptoms such as slipping off the ear (the type with erect ears), inability to blink, and slipping off the lip. Eyes can look irritated or debit flashes, and students can be asymmetrical in size. Nystagmus, abnormal movements of the eyes, can set in, and one may seem more open than the other (also known as "asymmetrical appearance to slit orbit".

Damaged lips can make it difficult for the dog to eat and drink. Excessive saliva in dogs suffering from general paralysis of the facial nerve, and maybe you'll see a little deviation of the nose to the face side. Some dogs will tilt your head, and uncoordinated gait that can develop. The disease can also make the dog weak.

In many cases, only one side of the face affected.

In cases where the paralysis of the facial nerve becomes chronic, fibrosis can develop that can make the ears and lips visible in normal position.

Facial nerve paralysis treatment for dogs

In order to cure facial nerve paralysis veterinarian should find underlying medical problems and deal with this. Unfortunately, up to 75 percent of cases have no detectable cause and the vet because it could not cure the underlying disease.

To prevent damage to the cornea due to paralysis, your dog may need lubrication points. When dogs fail to blink, their eyes will suffer unless the dog owner compensates by giving eye lubricants. Your veterinarian can recommend you ointment or drops and teach you how to manage them. In most situations, "artificial tears" should be given at least four times a day.

If the dog has developed sores or inflammation of the cornea cornea, this condition should be treated with appropriate antibiotics. Severe ulceration may cause permanent eye damage if not addressed.

Disease Epilepsy in Dogs


In dogs, epilepsy can be inherited disease or secondary to other problems such as head injury or infection of the central nervous system. Heritage epilepsy especially common in beagle dogs, Belgian Shepherds, dachshunds and German Shepherd Dogs. In general dog population, the incidence of convulsive epilepsy with no more than 0.5% and 5.7%. Typical symptoms of epilepsy experiencing cramps famous general. Canine Epilepsy usually will create for the first time when the dog is in early adulthood.

Different types canine epilepsy

Dogs can suffer three types of epilepsy: epilepsy reactive, secondary epilepsy, and primary epilepsy. Epilepsy is a reactive response to kidney or liver failure, or metabolic problems such as low blood sugar. Secondary epilepsy - also known as symptomatic epilepsy - can be caused by trauma, stroke, brain tumors and the same health problems. Reason / rationale behind the primary dog ​​epilepsy is far from being understood and therefore the condition is often referred to as idiopathic epilepsy. (Idiopathic = arise spontaneously or from causes that are unclear or unknown.) Idiopathic epilepsy diagnosed gradually eliminate all other possible causes of back spasms.

Dogs with idiopathic epilepsy usually will start experiencing cramps when they around 1-3 years of age. The fact that your dog has a stiff I. around this age but its not to be construed as diagnostic criteria confident dog this age might also develop reactive or secondary epilepsy. It is therefore very important to let the vet examine the dog really in order to remove all known to cause epilepsy. According to a study done in dogs 1-3 years of age with seizures, epilepsy causes behind can be specified in 1/3 of the dogs. This means that only 2/3 of the dogs suffer primary (idiopathic) epilepsy.

What will the vet do?

A dog that has suffered convulsions should always be carefully examined by a veterinarian. To begin with, most veterinarians will start with physical and neurological examination of the dog to determine the overall health status. Veterinarians will also analyze blood and urine of dogs, making serum chemistry profile, bile test, and test if there is a thyroid problem. Veterinarians may also ask you to keep a "stiff diary" in which you document all relevant facts about dog cramps that you experience, including the date, time, length, severity and how long will your dog need to recover after each spasm own. Also record other information that might help, for example if the dog is under all kinds of stress before seizures, a change of environment, diet and so on.

Epilepsy treatment for dogs

There are several different treatments available for dogs with epilepsy. Combining potassium bromide and Fenobarbital is one of the popular treatment, but for the last few years a number of other drugs such as gabapentin have been approved for use in dogs with epilepsy. Other examples of drugs for the treatment of epilepsy that can be given to dogs that Diazepam, phenytoin, levetiracetam, and Zonisamide. When dogs given potassium bromide, veterinarian usually will combine with Zentionol to dilute the effect of the ravage of bromide.

Friday, January 18, 2013

Cerebellar Abiotrophy in Dogs


What is cerebellar abiotrophy?

Cerebellar Abiotrophy is a disease in which the Purkinje cells in the brain of the dog dead. This causes progressive ataxia, the dog will be shaky and awkward and failed to coordinate major muscle movement. Cerebellum is the part of the brain responsible for dog control and coordination of movement. In affected dogs, Purkinje cells shall be due as planned before birth, but after birth the puppies they will start to die before his time. In some dogs, disaster will soon be carried out before the birth.

Breeds commonly affected by cerebellar abiotrophy

Abiotrophy hereditary cerebellar been diagnosed at different and very common in Gordon setter and Kerry Blue Terriers. In most purebred dogs, most of autosomal recessive inheritance, but in some lineages, including English Pointer, the genes that are responsible for sex-linked. English pointer has x-linked inheritance mode. Only male Pointer Bahasa Inggeris abiotrophy influenced by cerebellar and disease always inherited from the mother.

Time of onset of initial symptoms vary between affected offspring. In Thumbnail Poodles, Collies rough, and Beagles, it is as common examples for the puppy shows symptoms directly after birth or within 3-4 weeks. In many other descendants, including the Kerry Blue Terrier, Labrador Retriever, and the Border Collie, the first symptoms will appear when the dog is 6-16 weeks. In a small number of race dogs, dogs will remain free of symptoms into adulthood or even middle age. Examples of these are the descendants of Gordon Setter, Old English sheepdog, and Brittany Spaniel.

Cerebellar abiotrophy  symptoms in dogs

Poor balance, posture and wide-based gait stiff or high-stepping all the symptoms generally associated with cerebellar abiotrophy in dogs. Because the brain is affected by this disease is responsible for conducting and coordinating voluntary movement, affected dogs can be very awkward and looked confused about where the real limb. Some dogs will stand or walk with a foot knuckled over. Abiotrophy cerebellar can also cause tremors around the head or body. Eventually, your dog may not be able to climb stairs, and do serious dog will not even be able to stand up.

During the development stages of this disease, the dog will retain normal mental alertness. In some dogs, but other parts of the brain can be affected as well, and this can cause confusion and behavioral changes. Dogs can for example forget everything about previous training house, and some dogs become aggressive or very confused. Blindness and convulsions can occur.

These symptoms can worsen slow or fast, especially depending on the type of your dog.

Many of the symptoms listed above are not only associated with cerebellar abiotrophy but with other health problems as well, and it's very important to let your vet determine an accurate diagnosis.

Cerebellar Abiotrophy treatment for dogs

Unfortunately, there is no known treatment for dogs with cerebellar abiotrophy and affected dogs will not heal spontaneously. Most dog owners will sooner or later choose euthanasia when the quality of life for their dog has dropped too low.

Thursday, January 17, 2013

Cauda Equina Syndrome in Dogs


What is Cauda equina syndrome (lumbosacral stenosis )?

Cauda equina syndrome is a term used to describe arthritis of the joints between the lumbar vertebrae and the sacrum latest. (Sacrum is one of the hip bone.) In Cauda equina syndrome affected dogs, the channel through which the spinal cord and nerves pass will narrow than usual, and also common for abnormal intervertebralis disc as well, which makes even more narrow channel. Nerves from the spinal cord are experiencing intense pressure, which causes nerve damage in dogs.

Cauda equina syndrome is known by various names, including lumbosakral stenosis, lumbar spinal stenosis, nerve root compression lumbosakral, lumbosakral instability, malarticulation lumbosakral, spondylolisthesis lumbosakral, and malformations lumbosakral.

Large dog Breeds, including the German Shepherd dog, are more vulnerable to
Cauda equina syndrome compared with small and medium sized dogs.
Cauda equina syndrome can be congenital (present from birth) or acquired. In both situations, symptoms rarely occur in young dogs from 3-7 years.

Symptoms of Cauda equina syndrome in dogs

Pain is the most common symptoms of Cauda equina syndrome in dogs, especially in the back, tail, and in one or both hind legs. Your dog may have problems again after a break up, but rarely will show signs of stiffness after it's up and running. A common but dragging gait and some dogs will blister their feet.

In some dogs, the pain will make it difficult to urinate, while other dogs with Cauda equina syndrome be make water. Loss of muscle can occur in one or both of the dog's hind legs.
Some Cauda equina syndrome dog will no longer move the tail, or showing signs of serious illness every time they move the tail. Cauda equina syndrome can make a dog chew his tail, back legs and hip area, and this can lead to weight hurt themselves.

Pretty much Cauda equina syndrome symptoms in dogs are easily confused with hip dysplasia and you should let a qualified veterinarian determine a proper diagnosis.

Cauda equina syndrome treatment for dogs

The treatments Cauda equina syndrome is right for your dog will depend on how serious the problem is, how much pain your dog, your dog's general health status, and how much time and money you can afford the expenses. Cauda equina syndrome can be cured by medicine and surgery.

Medical treatment of Cauda equina syndrome in dogs
In dogs suffering from mild Cauda equina syndrome, anti-inflammatory such as prednisone may be given to relieve symptoms. Medical treatment should normally be combined with strict rest for at least 6-8 weeks, which means that you should spend a lot of time to treat your dog. In many cases, the symptoms but will return as soon as the dog to become active again.

Surgical treatment of Cauda equina syndrome in dogs
Currently, there are two different surgical treatments available for dogs with Cauda equina syndrome. The first technique involves removing part of the bone and disc intervertebralis to reduce pressure on the spinal cord and nerves. Another option is to unite the bones together, while intended to make senormal position possible. This will further reduce the risk of arthritis by preventing abnormal motion between the bones.

If your dog undergo surgery to treat her kauda equina syndrome, it should remain limited for 2-4 weeks post-operation. Veterinarian may recommend prednisone to reduce inflammation. If your dog can not urinate, the bladder should be emptied manually several times per day.

Prognosis is not good for dogs who can not urinate or urinate before they receive treatment, as this is a sign of severe kauda syndrome and long gone. In mild cases of Cauda syndrome, the prognosis is quite good if the dog receives proper care.

Wednesday, January 16, 2013

Nervous System Problem in Dogs


The nervous system is really important for the dog, because environmental responsibility to know about dogs and identify and handle everything that happens in the body. When dogs suffer from a disease that affects the nervous system, a variety of symptoms can appear. This can be difficult for the vet to give definite diagnosis without comprehensive testing for many diseases and conditions that affect the nervous system creating symptoms similar dog.

Just as in humans, dogs nervous system responsible for muscle coordination, monitoring organ, and commencement of the action. The nervous system also will build and stop the sensory input from the dog. The nervous system consists of various parts, including neurons and nerves. Dog's nervous system can be divided into tow main parts: the central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system (PNS).

The central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord, while the nerves throughout the body's network of owned dogs peripheral nervous system. In the central nervous system, you will find the brain, spinal cord, cerebellum, pituitary gland and ball raquideous. Spinal cord has two main tasks: it transmits information to and from the brain, and address reflexes. If the dog is suffering from health problems that affect the spinal cord, can develop problems with refleksnya. If you look at a healthy dog, you will see a variety of reflex-action. Dogs will twitch his ears when trying to identify a particular voice, it will blink if there is something irritating the eyes, all the hair on his body will stand in certain situations, and so on.

Part of the peripheral nervous system consists of sensory fibers and motor neurons, which together form what we call nerves. A suitable nerve bundles consisting of both sensory and motor neuron fibers.

A complex system like the nervous system dogs naturally exposed to various health problems. Some hereditary disorders, such as cramps Scotty, a lack of serotonin heritage cramp in Scottish Terriers. Hereditary diseases can be avoided by careful breeding program that aims to breed only healthy dogs. In the case of cramps Scotty, we know that the disease is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait, which can help farmers to determine the dogs used for breeding purposes.

In other situations, a puppy born with a nervous system disease without inheritance from his parents. This applies to diseases that can be transmitted from mother to unborn puppies when they were still in the womb. Dog herpes virus are known to cause full development of the cerebellum in the young are, a condition known as cerebellar hipoplasia.

Many diseases of the nervous system acquired diseases, and sometimes the dog owner can do things to reduce the risk of acquiring the disease dogs. Tick ​​paralysis, a disease caused by a neurotoxin present in the saliva of female ticks of a particular species, for example, can be prevented by checking your dog for ticks once a day and never leave a check for the permanent stick on your dog for more than 24 hours. There are also vaccines available for some diseases that attack the nervous system of dogs, including rabies virus vaccine against many feared.

Tuesday, January 15, 2013

Sporotrichosis Bacterial Fungi in Dogs


Sporotrichosis is a fungal disease caused by the fungus Sporothrix schenckii named. Sporotrichosis more common in horses and cats, but can infect dogs and humans as well. When a dog is infected by Sporotrichosis, usually manifests in the form of nodular skin lesions located in the head and trunk of the dog. Sporotrichosis is a disease of dogs slow growing and can take 1-12 weeks for the first symptoms that appear when the dog has been infected. Average period between early exposure and symptoms usually appear about three weeks.

Different forms of Sporotrichosis

Cutaneous Sporotrichosis, also known as skin Sporotrichosis
Sporotrichosis skin is the most often occurs from Sporotrichosis, in dogs or other animals. The most prominent symptoms of cutaneous Sporotrichosis is nodular lesions or bumps that appear on the skin. Their symptoms began in the first mushroom get into the body and then can spread along the lymph nodes and vessels. To begin with, small lesions and without pain and dogs are very rarely disturbed. Color varies from pink to purple. If you do not bring your dog to the vet, lesions and lumps can grow bigger and bigger until they look like boils. More and more lesions may appear and eventually the dog will begin to suffer form chronic gastritis.

When a cat is infected, they can develop the kind of skin Sporotrichosis much more severe than those usually seen in dogs.

Pulmonary Sporotrichosis
Sporotrichosis form can grow when the dog has inhaled spores Sporothrix schenckii. Dogs can start to cough and lymph nodes may swell. Cough is often productive, that dog cough mucus. Fibrosis, and nodules and cavitation of the lungs, other symptoms of lung Sporotrichosis in dogs. Sporotrichosis a dog with lung more susceptible to develop lung problems, including pneumonia.

Diseminata Sporotrichosis
If Sporotrichosis infection spreads from the main page to other parts of the body, the condition is called Sporotrichosis distributed. This is rare in dogs, and is also very serious. Sporotrichosis diseminata can affect the bones and joints of such dogs, and then will be called Sporotrichosis osteoarticular. It can also infect dogs brain and central nervous system, called Sporotrichosis meningitis. Sporotrichosis is a common symptom of disseminated bone lesions, loss of appetite and weight loss.

Transmission of Sporotrichosis

As mentioned above, Sporotrichosis is caused by the fungus Sporothrix schenckii. This fungus is found naturally in soil, plants, straw, peat and similar. If the skin of the dog is very strong, mushrooms are not at risk, but if a dog has a small cut or abrasion mildew can enter and cause Sporotrichosis. You should also keep a cat with Sporotrichosis skin away from other animals, including dogs, cats such as produce many spores from their wounds.

Sporotrichosis lung is the result of inhaling  Sporothrix schenckii spores.

Humans catch Sporotrichosis of dogs are very rare but serious form of cat with Sporotrichosis skin has infected some vets enough. When men down with Sporotrichosis, usually result from farm and agricultural workers come in contact with soil, straw, peat or similar. Because roses can spread disease - especially to the hands and forearms cut by the thorns of a rose - Sporotrichosis is one of a number of diseases known as rose-thorn disease or illness rose-gardeners'.

Sporotrichosis treatment for dogs

How to treat your dog for Sporotrichosis will depend on where the disease is and how severe it has become. If your dog is suffering from cutaneous Sporotrichosis, a veterinarian can give oral drops of saturated potassium iodide. Type Sporotrichosis treatment should normally be done for 3-6 months, so it is a good idea to ask your vet about how to do that at home. Other options intraconazole treatment, anti-fungal medication. If your dog can not tolerate Intraconazole (sporanox), flukonazol can be used.

A more potent drugs for Amfoterisin B Sporotrichosis is delivered intravenously. Because of the common occurrence of side effects amfoterisin B, usually prepared for a little dog even more severe cases of Sporotrichosis. Amfoterisin B can for example cause nausea, vomiting and fever. When dogs suffer sporotrichosis meningitis, a powerful combination of Amfoterisin B and 5-fluorocytosine may be required.

When Sporotrichosis cause bone infection and nodule cavitatory in dog lungs, operations may be required.

Ringworm Disease in Dogs


What is Ringworm?

Ringworm has nothing to do with worms, which is a skin disease caused by a fungus. The name comes from the fact that this disease can cause the ring-shaped skin irritation. Several different fungi can cause ringworm. When a dog is infected, about 70% of them were infected by Microsporum Canis, 20% by Microsporum gypseum and Trichophyton mentagrophytes 10% by. In dogs, two of the most common symptoms of Ringworm is a scaly skin and hair loss.

Ringworm diagnosis

Veterinarians often use light referred to diagnose dermatofitosis Wood, but not 100% accurate. For a definite diagnosis of ringworm, DTM culture should be performed. Vets can comb dog mantle with a new toothbrush and using samples to create a culture.

Ringworm symptoms in dogs

Ringworm of the most common symptoms in dogs are scaly patches of damaged hair, and sometimes the patch will be hairy. Dogs can also get folliculitis and furunkulosis with pustula and papula, either regionally or over large parts of the body. A specific form of dermatofitosis in dogs is Kerion reaction, focal nodular form dermatofitosis. When adult dogs infected with mange, ringworm is rarely develop into common - they are usually strong enough to block the infection of one or several parts of the body. Adult dogs with weak immune systems can develop ringworm but general.

Ringworm treatment for dogs

When ringworm affects dogs and healthy adults, the disease is often restrict themselves. But most owners choose to bring their dogs to the vet for treatment can make the disease disappear faster. Appropriate treatment is also a good way to prevent the spread of the fungus, because this disease is quite contagious. Many animals, including cats, can get ringworm, and can also spread to humans.

It is possible to use the whole body topical therapy for dogs infected with ringworm, but the use of this controversial and many vets avoid unless really severe infection and spread. Whole-body treatments often come in the form of topical shampoo or rinse. One of the most commonly used rinse is Enilconazole.

For ringworm consists of local lesions, dogs can be cured with Klotrimazol lubricated or miconazole on the affected area. If the situation worse, or if long hair make confidential topical treatment (more common in dogs than cats), systemic treatment may be required. Two drugs effective against ringworm in dogs and Itrakonazol Terbinafine. Terbinafine normal dose for dogs is 30 mg per kilogram of body weight once a day, while you only need to use 5-10 mg / kg Itrakonazol one day.

Dogs for example can be given of Griseofulvin microsized formulation, the standard dose is 25 to 100 mg / kg, given once a day or in divided doses several. It should be noted that this dose is higher than the dose approved by the American Food and Drug Administration. When the dog is given Griseofulvin, stomach problems are common side effects.

Over the past few years, Lufenuron has been tested as a cure for ringworm in dogs may be, but the results have not been confirmed by controlled studies and therefore could not be approved. Hopefully, it will turn out to be a good remedy for ringworm in dogs that we can benefit from in the future.

Regardless of whether your dog is receiving systemic or topical treatment for ringworm, it is important to not stop treating it just because symptoms disappeared. Ringworm should always be treated as clinical cure 2-4 last week, or until your vet has your dog combed and determined that the disease was fully recovered. In some cases, you should treat your dog for a few months because it takes time before the symptoms start to go away.

Ringworm vaccination for dogs

Currently there are no vaccines available for dogs mange, ringworm vaccine comprising but the cells lost mushroom has been approved for use on cats. These vaccines can hasten clinical resolution of Microsporum Canis in cats. The vaccine can also reduce the severity of ringworm infections in cats, but unfortunately not the frequency.

Monday, January 14, 2013

Pythiosis in Dogs


What is Pythiosis?

Pythiosis is a disease caused by a fungi called Pythium insidiosum water. This disease is a problem especially for dogs and horses, but mildew can infect humans and other animals such as horses, cattle and cats. When infected dog Pythium insidiosum, often affecting the lymph nodes and digestive system. In other animals, the more common skin problems. Young dog of great nations more vulnerable to Pythiosis than other dogs.

Pythium insidiosum different from other mushrooms found in the genus Pythium, as Pythium insidiosum has zoospora a chemically attracted not only to decompose plant network, but a network of skin, hair and rotting animals too.

What is the difference between Pythiosis and Phycomycosis?

Phycomycosis is a condition that can be caused by a variety of different print and fungi, including Pythium insidiosum. Pythiosis is the most common form of Phycomycosis, another example of the kind Phycomycosis Zygomycosis and Lagenidiosis.

Pythiosis occurrence and transmission

Pythium insidiosum prints found in North America, South America, Southeast Asia, Eastern Australia, and New Zeeland. It lived in a world where the winters are mild, because that does not require standing water freezes to survive. In the United States, Pythium insidiosum is most often found in the countries of the warm Gulf (especially Louisiana), but also has been detected in the East and Midwest of the country.

Pythium insidiosum live in the swamps and other forms of stagnant water and sent to the dogs when they drink water. It is also possible to print Pythium insidiosum to infect dogs through the wound, and several studies have shown that lesions in the digestive tract may be necessary to capture Pythiosis by drinking contaminated water.

Pythiosis symptoms in dogs

When Pythium insidiosum gain entry to the dog, it will begin to grow slowly in the stomach and small intestine of animals. Finally, a big bump composed of granulation networks will develop in the stomach and small intestine, and the disease can spread to nearby lymph nodes. In dogs, the most common symptoms of stomach related Pythiosis, such as vomiting, diarrhea and weight loss. Can also appear en masse in the stomach. Pythiosis in dogs can make them weak and depressed. If Pythium insidiosum infect the dog's skin, can cause ulceration bump. Pythiosis very rare form of the dog, but that does not happen in a few seconds. Although rare, Pythiosis can also occur in the lung and dog bone.

Pythiosis treatment for dogs

Pythiosis behavior standards for dogs will often involve complex operations and long enough. Surgery should be accompanied by antijamur medication for at least 2-3 months, as Itrakonazol and Terbinafine hydrochloride. Unfortunately, postoperative recurrence is not uncommon in dogs infected Pythiosis. Antijamur drugs will often only have a limited impact.

When humans are infected by Pythium insidiosum existing alternatives, and the veterinarian members and researchers may benefit from comparative success achieved in the human side of medicine in their search for more effective treatments for dogs Pythiosis. Mankind has for example been successfully treated with caspofungin. Problems with caspofungin is that it is very expensive, so outside the area for many dog ​​owners. In both humans and horses with Pythiosis, immunotherapy has been proven successful in the past and this may be a possible Pythiosis treatment for dogs as well.