Saturday, March 30, 2013

Giardiasis in Dogs

Giardiasis is a disease caused by dog ​​giardia and protozoa found in the small intestine of dogs and cats in many parts of the world. Protozoa are single-celled organisms, and we still know very little about them. The Giardiasis causing protozoan called giardia in dogs Canis.

As mentioned above, we are now very little about giardia protozoa and no exception. Members animals still not sure about the best way to treat giardiasis in dogs, or even why some dogs develop giardiasis in the first place. Most experts now believe that giardia infections are very common, but that only a very limited number of dogs that never show any symptoms.

It is also not sure whether you can catch giardiasis from infected dog and strict hygiene therefore recommended when treating dogs with suspected or confirmed giardiasis. What we know for sure is that humans can be infected by the parasite giardia by drinking contaminated water and develop giardiasis.

Giardiasis Shipping for dogs

A dog can be infected by eating or drinking giardia cysts of protozoa. When the cysts reach the small intestine of dogs, it will open and release the active form of giardia protozoa. This form is called trophozoite. Giardia trophozoites using a flagellum to move, the type of hair that can be used to whip back and forth, resulting in mobility. Trophozoites attaches itself to the intestinal wall where their dog was taking root and multiply by division. Finally, a new cysts formed by how, after how long a period of time and where the dogs body formed cysts are still unknown. Kista will leave the dog through feces and is now ready to infect other dogs - or other susceptible animals.

Giardiasis symptoms in dogs

In most dogs, giardia infection does not cause disease. When disease-causing protozoa do, the main symptoms of giardiasis in dogs is diarrhea. Younger dogs seem more prone to symptoms of giardiasis grown from adult dogs. Diarrhea caused by giardiasis can be acute, intermittent or chronic. Most dogs will defend their appetite, but they can still lose weight because the diarrhea persists. In dogs, giardiasis will damage the lining of the intestine and make it difficult for the intestines to absorb nutrients from food. Giardiasis also affect the entire digestive process. Dog owners can see that their dog shit seem strange, often pale and greasy. Dirt can also spray smells even worse than that emitted from normal dog shit.

Giardiasis medicine for dogs

Because we still know little about Giardiasis, difficult to give definite guidelines on the treatment of giardiasis in dogs. Different vets use different treatment, and there is also the question of when to start treatment of giardiasis. Because many dogs carry giardia protozoa without experiencing symptoms, it's probably not a good idea to begin to treat all dogs are going to test positive for giardia. Others pointed out that since the giardia protozoa can be transmitted from dogs to humans, all cases of giardia in dogs should be treated immediately to prevent human disease. There are also quite a lot of cases where veterinarians suspect giardiasis but failed to find giardia protozoa using testing methods available. Opinion about the case differs from vet to vet, but many will provide dogs with giardiasis if the dog is sick, point symptoms of giardiasis and other possible causes have been ruled out.

It should be noted that some of the popular Giardiasis treatment for dogs has not been approved for use in dogs by the United States Food and Drug Administration. It is also possible that treatment is available only remove a cyst from dog poop, without really killing giardia live in the intestines of dogs. Further research on dogs with giardiasis is needed before anyone can know for sure.

Fenbendazole is an antiparasitic drug that can kill several types of intestinal worms, and has been proven to help in the control of giardiasis as well. Fenbendazole can be used on its own, but a lot of vets who choose to combine with metronidazole when treating dogs with suspected giardiasis. Metronidazole known effective against some types of bacteria that cause diarrhea, so in cases where the perpetrator may giardia metronidazole can not manage the problem by killing the bacteria. Metronidazole is also around 60-70% effective in eliminating Giardia from infected dogs. Problems with her liver toxicity metronidazole is. It is also very bitter and dogs may refuse to take orally. If you have a pregnant bitch, metronidazole should not be used ideally for allegedly causing physical damage in the developing embryo.

Before Fenbendazole, veterinarians are often used to treat giardiasis quinacrine hydrochloride in dogs, but not as effective as quinacrine hydrochloride Fenbendazole and many dogs respond to treatment with vomiting, loss of appetitive, fever and weakness.

Coccidiosis in Dogs

What coccidiosis?

Coccidiosis are sick dogs that can be caused by a wide array of coccidian protozoa. All coccidian protozoa that microscopic, single-celled parasites that are capable of forming spores. They owned apicomplexan Conoidasida class, and need to take animal cells to survive and proliferate. The main causes coccidiosis in dogs is isospora species, such as isospora. Canis, isospora burrowsi, isospora ohioensis, and isospora neorivolta certain that all species are able to cause infection in humans.

Coccidian protozoa usually live in the intestinal tract of the dog where it can spread to other dogs through contaminated feces. Dogs can also be exposed to coccidiosis by eating an infected network.

Puppy with coccidiosis

Most dogs infected with protozoa Coccidian not show signs of illness because their immune systems are strong enough to deal with parasites. The majority of dogs are taken to the vet for the puppy, because young puppies do not develop a strong enough immune system. Puppies suffer from coccidiosis is almost always transmitted by feces of their mother. Their immune system is immature - often combined with the stress that is transferred to a new owner, leaving the mother and siblings, and may have to travel far - allows the parasite to cause full blown coccidiosis infection.

Coccidiosis symptoms in dogs

As mentioned above, the dog can be infected Coccidian remove protozoa and cysts in her feces without showing symptoms of coccidiosis. When cysts include dogs are very young or immuno-compromised, but the parasite can cause serious problems.

Puppies infected with protozoa Coccidian often start to show symptoms when they are around 2-3 months. Early signs often diarrhea. Over time, the puppies suffer coccidiosis may develop diarrhea and dirt that can contain thick mucus, liquid and / or be very light in color. If coccidiosis infection becomes more severe, blood can be seen in dog feces. Defecation can suddenly make it impossible for the dog to stay in the house damaged.

If coccidiosis is not treated the symptoms will disappear from many dogs (but they can still pass on the disease to others), but also can cause permanent damage and even death to take your dog to the vet is highly recommended if your dog starts to show symptoms of coccidiosis. Koksidiosis very common.

Coccidiosis medicine for dogs

Coccidiosis is a very common problem, especially among children dog, but fortunately there is a wide range of effective and affordable treatment available to coccidiosis in dogs. Most drugs will affect only a few days. Even if coccidiosis infection has evolved to the point where the blood can be seen in the feces of dogs, proper treatment can prevent permanent damage to the gastrointestinal.

One of the most popular coccidiosis treatment for dogs is a family-owned drug sulfonamida. This should however be noted that some dogs can suffer damage if the tear glands treated with sulfonamida. Some vets will measure tear production before and during use sulfonamida for dogs with coccidiosis treatment. Other veterinarians choose to use without sulfonamida coccidiosis treatment.

Babesiosis in Dogs

What is Babesiosis?

Babesiosis is a rare disease in dogs, but it was not there and important for dog owners and veterinarians should jelly on Babesiosis symptoms in dogs. Babesiosis is caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Babesia and the disease is quite similar to malaria. Babesiosis is transmitted by ticks and damage red blood cells in dogs. Dogs are not the only one who can catch Babesiosis from ticks, humans are exposed as well.

The Babesia genus contains over 100 species but not all of them are contagious to dogs. In the United States, some of the dog's dangerous Babesia species have been discovered, including the Canis Babesia and Babesia gibsoni.

Babesiosis delivery for dogs

Babesiosis transmitted to dogs through the bite of infected ticks. A lice must remain attached to the dog for at least 2-3 days to causing disease and check your dog for ticks at least once a day because of the large prevention methods against Babesiosis. Dogs can also send Babesiosis to bite other dogs, and pregnant slut can spread disease to their unborn puppies them.

Babesiosis symptoms in dogs

Babesia parasites infect red blood cells of dogs, and this will cause the dog's immune system to kill the red blood cells are infected. This will kill the parasite Babesia, but if a large number of red blood cells are lost in the process will give your dog anemia. The immune system can also run amok and starts killing red blood cells infected too.

Babesiosis common symptoms in dogs are weakness, fever, yellow dye eye (and skin), and the urine is red or orange. Platelet count in the blood can drop significantly, which makes possible the normal blood clotting. If parasites attack the central nervous system, a dog with Babesiosis can display neurological problems, as well as local inflammation. Lungs may also be damaged by Babesiosis, and some dogs will also suffer heart problems.

Babesia treatment for dogs

Present form Babesia treatment has severe side effects, and most veterinarians to treat dogs will avoid long as they do not show symptoms. It is possible for dogs infected with Babesia without getting sick. Even with medicine, can be difficult to completely eliminate all parasites from the dog. If you have a female dog that tested positive Babesia, he can not be used to breed - even if he is completely free of symptoms.

Besides killing parasites, the vet will need to reduce the damage caused by the disease. About 50% of dogs will need blood transfusions such symptoms.

If you live in the United States, your veterinarian may use dipropionat Imidocarb
to treat your dog as this is the only Babesia drugs approved in the United States. A single dose can be enough to get rid of your dog from Babesia Canis, whereas Babesia gibsoni and other small Babesia species will require at least two doses given two weeks apart. Imidocarb dipropionat should be vaccinated and are usually quite painful for the dog. Dogs may also experience fever, muscle tremors, chills, increased heart rate, salivation, swelling of the face, agitated and tore points. Some vet because inject atropine in dogs before injecting dipropionat Imidocarb.

If you live outside the U.S., you may be able to find Aceturate Babesiosis Diminazene since this drug is a very popular treatment for Babesiosis around the world, especially for Babesia Canis. A single injection is usually enough to cure a dog if the culprit is Babesia Canis. Just like Imidocarb dipropionat, Diminazene Aceturate have serious side effects, including seizures, low blood pressure, and nausea. It is possible for a dog to death as a side effect of this drug. The self-injection also painful.

Two other drugs that are available outside the United States is sulfate Quinuronium and isetionat Phenamidine. If you fail to find isetionat Phenamidine in your home country, isetionat Pentamidine can be used as a substitute. (PHENamidine vs pentamidin.) Sulfate Quinuronium similar to malaria treatment and your dog will require two injections two separate days. In most dogs, you can see a marked improvement after the second injection with Quinuronium sulfate.

Last but not least, blue tripan can be used to restrict the entry of Babesia parasites in red blood cells of dogs. This will reduce the symptoms of Babesiosis in dogs and is given as an infusion.

Babesia Future medicine for dogs

A new type of Babesia treatment for dogs are currently being tested and has shown promising results. Treatment consists of a combination therapy where dogs given Atovaquone, Azitromycin, Quinine, and / or Clyndamycin.

Babesia vaccine for dogs

A Babesia vaccine currently available in France, but it seems to be effective only against certain strains of the parasite. Studies in France have shown the effectiveness of this vaccine is 89% of the Babesia.

Protozoal Disease in Dogs

Protozoal disease in dogs is an infection caused by the protozoa, one-cleed eukaryotes. Microbial eukaryotes is uniseluler which the cell has developed the core membrane bound. Protozoan infections in dogs can affect several systems and is responsible for a variety of symptoms and diseases of dogs.

Symptoms of protozoal disease in dogs

Because there is such an abundance of protozoa species capable of attacking the dog, it is difficult to give general guidelines about the symptoms to look for in your dog. Protozoan infection symptoms in your dog will also depend on the organ affected. Entry point for protozoa can for example determine where the initial symptoms are present in the dog. Below you will find a list of symptoms generally associated with protozoal disease in dogs, but because you see many of them are generally associated with a high number of other diseases, such as diseases caused by viruses and bacteria.

· Anorexia
· Blindness
· Respiratory problems
· Cough
· Diarrhea
· Enlarged lymph nodes
· Pressure
· Fever
· Muscle cramps
· Paralysis
· Cramp
· Vomiting
· Weight loss
· Yellow staining

Examples of diseases caused by protozoa dog

· Acanthamebiasis, caused by Acanthamoeba species
· Amebiasis, caused by Entamoeba histolytica
· Babesiosis, caused by Babesia species
· Balantidiasis, caused by Escherichia Balantidium
· Coccidiosis, usually caused by Cystoisospora
· Kriptosporidiosis, caused by Cryptosporidium parvum
· Cytauxzoonosis, due Cytauxzoon Felis
· Hepatozoonosis, caused by Hepatozoon Canis
· Encephalitozoonosis, due Encephalitozoo
· Giardiasis, caused by Giardia species
· Leishmaniasis, caused by Leishmania species
· Neosporosis, caused by Neospora Cani
· Pneumocystosis, caused by Pneumocystis carinii
· Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii
· Trikomoniasis, due Pentatrichomonas hominis
· Trypanosomiasis, caused by Trypanosoma cuniculinum cruzin
Ways to diagnose protozoan infections in dogs

If your vet suspects that your dog may be infected with the protozoan, it can do a test one or several efforts to determine the truth. To begin with, a veterinarian who will book a complete blood count (CBC), biochemical profile urinanalysis and. In addition, the veterinarian may decide to perform serological tests, examine your dog's feces, had chest and abdominal X-ray taken, and / or directly involved in the identification of organisms. In order to implement the introduction of live organisms, the vet will most likely need to remove and evaluate specific cells or tissues from your dog.

How to treat a dog with protozoan infections

The exact behavior depends on the protozoa that have infected your dog, the organ affected, and how severe the infection. The type of your dog and your dog's overall health should also be considered. (Certain line can be tolerant of a particular treatment.) In severe cases, treatment may need to be accompanied by protozoa supportif intensive treatment, and your dog may need a blood transfusion. Many species of protozoa cause severe diarrhea with a significant loss of fluids and keep hydrated dog is often one of the most important aspects of supportif intensive treatment for dogs infected with protozoa.

Thursday, March 28, 2013

Rhodesian Ridgeback Dog Descriptions

Rhodesian Ridgeback Dog Description

The Rhodesian Ridgeback distinguishing faeture is a ridge of hair along the back, walking in the opposite direction to the rest of the hairs. This consists of a fan-like area formed by two whorls of hair (called "crowns") and the slope of the shoulder back soon reach the stage of the hip. Ridge is usually about 2 inches (5 cm) in width at the widest point. It is believed to originate from the dog used by the original African dog population, which has the same butt. The first filming Ridgeback is a wall painting depicting the life Boer, located in South Africa Voortrekker Monument.

Male Ridgebacks should stand 63 cm (25 in) to 69cms (27 ins) at Withers and weighs about 85 lb (39 kg) FCI Standard), females should be 24-26 inches (61-66 cm) in height and about 70 pounds (32 kg) weight. Ridgebacks typically muscular and have made for stucco is made of red light, which should be short, dense, sleek and glossy in appearance, and not wool or silk. White received on chest and toes. The presence of black hair or beat keeper was not discussed in the AKC standard, although the elaboration of the AKC standard recorded a total black or dark brown in the mantle can not be redundant . The FCI Standard states that excessive black hair all over the mantle highly undesirable. Ridgebacks sometimes have a dark mask. Dogs nose should be black or brown (liver) in accordance with the color of the dog. No other colored nose permissible. Brown nose is a recessive gene. It is not as common as a black nose, some breeders believe the inclusion of brown noses breeding program is needed to keep the spirit of the mantle. Eyes should be round and should reflect the dog's color: dark eyes with a black nose, yellow eyes or nose (heart) brown. Ridgebacks have a tail, a strong fine, which is usually carried in gentle curve backwards.

Original standard allowed for a variety of fur colors including Brindle and sable. Modern FCI standard calls for light red made from whole grain wheat.

Other dogs breeds also have the opposite of the feather line along the spine, including the Phu Quoc Ridgeback dog and Thai Ridgeback. The Thai Ridgeback is a mixture of Phu Quoc, historians have speculated the relationship between the Rhodesian Ridgeback and Phu Quoc to note that in the history of one type may have been imported to another .

Rhodesian Ridgebacks loyal and intelligent and somewhat aloof with strangers. It is not to be confused with aggression, a Ridgeback from the right temperament will be more inclined to ignore, not challenge, a stranger. This breed requires positive, reward-based training, good socialization and consistency, it is often not the best choice for inexperienced dog owners. Wills Ridgebacks hard, intelligent, and many seem to have a tendency to damage, even love. They protect their owners and families. If trained properly, they can be a very good guard dog, although the specific nature should not be encouraged. Like all dogs, they can become aggressive when they are not socialized properly.

Despite their athletic, sometimes forced, exterior, Ridgeback has a sensitive side. Too harsh training methods, that might be tolerated by a sporting or working dog, will likely backfire on a Ridgeback. Corrections provided Ridgeback receive fair and permitted , and for it came from someone she knew and believed . Francis R. Barnes, who wrote the first standard in 1922, acknowledged that "rough treatment ... should not be given to dogs, especially when they are young they go to species with handling of that kind .."

Samoyed Dog Informations

Samoyed Dogs

Samoyed dog takes its name from the community Samoyedic from Siberia. These nomadic reindeer herding dog bred white fur to help with the herd, and to pull sleds when they moved. Alternative name for the breed, especially in Europe, is Bjelkier

Males usually have a weight between 23-30 kg (51-66 lb), while females typically weigh 17-25 kg (37-55 lb).
AKC Standard: 21 to 23.5 inches (53-60 cm) at the shoulder for males, 19-21 inches (48-53 cm) for females.
UK Kennel Club Standard: 51-56 cm (20-22 in) for males, 46-51 cm (18-20 in) for females.

Samoyed eyes are usually black or brown and almond in shape. Blue or other color eyes can occur but are not allowed in the show ring. It is in "the brown and black" in his family, Spitz family.

Samoyed ears thick and covered with fur, triangular, and erect. They are almost always white but can often have light to dark brown color (known as "cookies"), usually around the end of the ear.

Samoyed tail is one of the breed features more discriminating. Like the Alaskan Malamute, carried curled tail behind them, however, unlike the Malamute, Samoyed tail held back really touched. This should not be a tight curl or held "flag" like, it should be done lying on the back and to one side. In cold weather, the Samoyed can sleep with their tails over their noses to provide additional warmth. Almost all of the Samoyed will allow their tails fall when they relaxed and comfortable, such as when being stroked or while eating, but will return their tails to a curl when more alert.
NZKC Standard: Tail: Long and abundant, brought back when alert, sometimes down at snack time.
UK Kennel Club Standard: Tail: Long and heavy coated, brought back and to the side when alert, sometimes down at snack time.

Samoyed has a mantle, compact double layer. The mantle consists of long, coarse hair caregivers, and straight, which appear white but have a bit of silver staining. This makes the top layer of the bottom layer is very clean and free from dirt. The bottom layer, or undercoat, consists of dense fur, soft, short and hot dog making. Undercoat is typically shed the weight once or twice a year, and this seasonal process is sometimes referred to as the "mantle blowing". This does not mean the Samoyed will only shed during that time however, the fine hairs (versus the dense blobs warehouse during seasonal shedding) will be shed all year round, and have a tendency to stick to cloth and float in the air. The standard Samoyed may come in a mixture of biscuit and white coloring, although pure white and all biscuit dogs are common. Males typically have larger ruffs than females.

Samoyed friendly position, makes them poor guard dog, an aggressive Samoyed is rare. With their tendency to bark, but they can be diligent watch dogs, barking whenever something approaching their area. The Samoyed is a very good friend, especially for small children or even other dogs, and they kept playing until old age. When Samoyed become bored, they can start digging. With their dog sled heritage, the Samoyed is not averse to exciting things, and Samoyed has no problem attracting trained on the same rope from running together. Samoyed also used to herd reindeer. They will instinctively act as herd dogs, and when playing with children, especially, will often try to turn and move them in a different direction. This breed is marked by alert and happy expression which has received the title of "Sammy smile" and "smiling dog."

Wobbler Disease in Dogs

What is Wobbler disease?

Wobbler disease is a condition that affects the dog's neck bone and cervical instability. Wobbler disease is not only found in dogs, horses can suffer as well. Wobbler disease term used to describe a wide range of different conditions affecting the cervical spine, because they all cause similar symptoms. Wobbler disease is also referred to as cervical spondylomyelopathy (CSM), cervical spine abnormalities (CVM), and cervical spine instability.

When young dogs develop Wobbler disease (very common in Scars Denmark) problem is usually caused by narrowing of the spinal canal, called stenosis. Studies have shown that high protein diets can contribute to the development of this problem.

When middle aged and older dogs (like Doberman dogs) develop Wobbler disease, the dog will usually have a disc bulge or herniation of the disc contents.

Dogs are commonly affected breed Wobbler disease

Wobbler disease far more common in big dogs race, especially Doberman and Great Danes. It is believed to be hereditary in dogs. The list is composed of people very vulnerable dogs to develop Wobbler disease:

Basset Hound
German Shepherd Dog
Great Dane
Old english sheepdog
Rhodesian Ridgeback
St Bernard

Symptoms of Wobbler disease in dogs

Wobbler disease symptoms tend to get worse and worse over time. If the disease is the result of trauma, but can progress very quickly.

Wobbler disease common symptoms include general weakness and crouched attitude which twisted neck down. Affected dogs can appear awkward and have trouble limbs and body coordination. In some dogs, dragging the toes of the rear foot is one of the first signs of Wobbler disease. Eventually, the disease will spread and the dog will start to show symptoms of the disease Wobbler from the front legs as well (symptoms are usually less severe than the hind legs). Some dogs will also develop neck pain.

While investigating veterinarian dog with Wobbler disease, X-rays generally show malaligned vertebrae and disc space narrowing. For a more definite diagnosis, myelogram organized as this will indicate whether the dog vertebral canal stenosis. In addition, the MRI can be used to determine the precise location of spinal cord compression. MRI will also tell the vet important details about the nature and severity of the compression.

Wobbler disease treatment for dogs

Wobbler disease treatment for dogs can be medical or surgical, and guarded prognosis for both types of treatment. The most common type of treatment for Wobbler disease is giving corticosteroids to control symptoms. This will usually be combined with strict cage rest. Surgical option is for surgical repair spinal cord compression, including dorsal decompression, vertebral stabilization, and "ventral slot technique" occurs that causes ventral decompression of the spinal cord. In a few dog operations will make Wobbler disease disappears completely, while other dogs suffer a relapse. Type of operation is technically difficult and you may need to do a little research before you find a quality surgeon. A recent study showed that electroacupuncture may be a third option for dogs suffering Wobbler disease, but further research is needed.