Thursday, December 20, 2012

Ehrlichiosis Bacterial in Dogs

Ehrlichiosis is a disease born lice on dogs which can be caused by different organisms. In most cases, dogs have been infected by Ehrlichia Canis, but can also ehrlichiosis caused by Ehrlichia chaffeensis or Anaplasma phagocytophilum (formerly Ehrlichia equi). Canine Ehrlichiosis is known by many names, including typhus dogs, dog rickettsiosis, tracker dog disease, dengue fever dog, and the dog pansitopenia tropics.

Despite the problems, especially for dogs, cats and humans can also be infected with ehrlichiosis. Several studies have shown that the German Shepherd dog may specifically exposed to ehrlichiosis. If your dog develops ehrlichiosis, prognosis is good if you receive medical care in a timely manner. If the disease reaches its chronic stage, the higher the risk for the dog. If the emphasis is set in the bone marrow and the number of drops of blood cells, some dogs will not respond at all to treatment.

Ehrlichiosis transmission

Ehrlichiosis is transmitted to dogs by brown dog ticks. It is theoretically possible for humans to get ehrlichiosis dog, but instead of spending time with a dog infected because the disease is spread by ticks, not through regular contacts.

Ehrlichiosis stages in dogs

There are three stages of ehrlichiosis. The first stage is known as the acute stage, the second stage is a subclinical level, and the third stage is the chronic phase. During the subclinical phase, the dog will usually show no signs of disease. Some dogs live in the subclinical stage for the rest of their lives, they are infected with parasites but they do not show signs of it. Other dog managed to kill all the parasites during the subclinical phase. If the disease continues to the third level, chronic, the situation becomes very serious for dogs since chronic ehrlichiosis can cause death.

Ehrlichiosis symptoms in dogs

Level of general acute ehrlichiosis during the summer, as this is when active lice and sucking blood from the dog. Acute ehrlichiosis symptoms usually appear 1-3 weeks after the bite and lasts for 2-4 weeks. Acute level but can occur several weeks after infection. Infected dog can suffer from eye and nose debit, edema in the legs and scrotum, bleeding disorders, vasculitis, lymphadenopathy, petechiae, and fever.

If the disease ehrlichiosis develop into chronic stage, the dog may begin to suffer lameness, weight loss, cough, anemia resulting pale gums, thrombocytopenia that causes bleeding, paralysis, vasculitis, dyspnea, lymphadenopathy, problem polyuria, polydipsia, neurology, and eye problems such as retinal hemorrhage and anterior uveitis.

Ehrlichiosis prevention

Limit your dog's access to the full mark habitat. When your dog has been visited habitat full review, check for ticks and remove ticks promptly. Ideally, check your dog for ticks several times per day if you live in an area where the dog ehrlichiosis occur. In addition, you can reduce the risk of flea bites using topical anti-flea, as Fiprinol or Permethrin, or to provide your dog with anti-flea collar.

In the most affected by ehrlichiosis, low dose tetracycline drink every day during the summer can be used to prevent disease. Keep in mind that it will be used for 200 days, depending on the length of flea season.

Ehrlichiosis treatment

A dog suffering from forms of ehrlichiosis should be given antibiotics such as doxycycline or tetracycline for at least 6-8 weeks. This may be needed to manage the intravenous or subcutaneous fluids to combat dehydration, and anemic dogs may require a blood transfusion. If the pallet has fallen very low, steroids can help.

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