What is Aspergillosis?
Aspergillosis is a disease caused by fungi of the genus Aspergillus, primarluy Aspergillus fumigatus and Aspergillus terreus. When dogs develop Aspergillosis, the reason is usually fungus called Aspergillus fumigatus. Infection is usually limited to the nose and general symptoms of Aspergillosis in dogs is nose sneezing, runny nose, and nosebleed. There also may be a sign of nasal ulceration.
Aspergillus fungus found throughout the world and can affect both birds and mammals. It is found in domestic animals and wild animals. Different animals experience different symptoms, and fungi that cause the common cold to your dog can cause a lung infection in birds and livestock loss. Generalized Aspergillosis rare in dogs, but the disease can spread to the site intervertebralis and kidneys.
Aspergillosis symptoms in dogs
When a dog is infected by Aspergillosis, the disease is usually limited to the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses, and this is where you can see the symptoms. Besides sneezing, nasal discharge from one or both nostrils, nasal pain and ulceration of the nares, a dog can become lethargic and develop frontal sinus osteomyelitis and Epistaksis. Nasal Aspergillosis is particularly a problem for trah dogs with long, narrow head, where the disease begins in the posterior ventral maxilloturbinate.
Aspergillosis in dogs can cause lesions dirty, but this will vary a lot from case to case. In some dogs, the mucosa was found in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses are discussed in the growth of mold and coating gray-black necrotic material (network off). Sometimes the underlying bone can also start off, which can be seen if head dog is x-rayed.
It is possible to Aspergillosis spread from the initial point of entry to other parts of the dog, called Aspergillosis distributed. For unknown reasons, it is more common in the offspring, such as German Shephards. When this happens, Aspergillus fumigatus is rarely the culprit, mushrooms cause is not usually Aspergillus terreus or Aspergillus even deflectus. Common symptoms in dogs Aspergillosis is distributed loss of appetite, weight loss, weakness, urinary incontinence, fever, hematuria, neurological problems, and lymphadenopathy generalisata. Lesions may appear in the spleen kidney, and spine, and general discospondylitis.
Aspergillosis treatment for dogs
During this disease is limited to the nose and the paranasal from dogs, topical treatment is preferred in most situations. Most vets prefer to Klotrimazol to start. These drugs may be given as an infusion of private individuals by nares or through the frontal sinus of dogs. Local infusion usually heal 4 of 5 dogs with nasal and paranasal Aspergillosis.
When Klotrimazol provided via nares, Foley catheters are commonly used to instill 0.5 g Klotrimazol on each side of the nasal cavity of dogs. The infusion was then left there for 60 minutes, where the vet will turn dog around every once in a while to increase the penetration and make sure that the drugs spread out as much as possible.
Enilconazole is an alternative for treatment Klotrimazol and have the same level of success. When Enilconazole used, tubes implanted frontal sinus surgery in dogs. Enilconazole then be used in the form of instilling bid for 1-2 weeks. Normal dose is 10 mg per kilogram of body weight.
If local treatment is not enough, anti-Aspergillosis in systemic medications may be given. Examples of drugs that work in the treatment Itrakonazol, Ketokonazol and Flukonazol. Itrakonazol and flukonazol likely more effective than Ketokonazol. Itrakonazol standard dose is 5-10 mg for per kg of body weight given once a day, while the dose for different Flukonazol from 2.5 to 10 mg / kg and should be divided into a few parts per day. If Ketokonazol used, 5-10 mg / kg body weight should be given once a day for 6-8 weeks