Phycomycosis is a disease that can be caused by a variety of molds and mildew. Total variation Phycomycosis get their own name, as Pythiosis, Lagenidiosis and Zygomycosis. Dogs and horses are one of the most commonly infected animals when it comes to Phycomycosis, but humans can also be infected with some form Phycomycosis. Phycomycosis primarily infect the digestive tract or the skin of the dog, but can spread to other parts of the body as well, including the lymph nodes.
In dogs, the most commonly found variant is Phycomycosis Pythiosis. The disease is caused by a fungus called Pythium water. Lagenidiosis Lagenidium caused by various species, the water molds such as Pythium. Zygomycosis can be caused by two different variants Zygomycetes: Mucorales Entomophthoralesand. Between variants Entomophthorales you can find Basidiobolus and Conidiobolus example, while Absidia, Mucor, Mortierella, Saksenaea, Rhizomucor, and Rhizopus are examples of varieties Mucorales.
Because good Pythiosis and Lagenidiosis is a disease caused by micro-organisms from the class Oomycetes, some vets refer to these two diseases as Oomycosis.
Zygomycosis in dogs usually affects the skin, but can also occupy the sinus and digestive tract of dogs. Mucorales organisms in dogs quite often weakened by other forms of the disease or who have weakened immune systems. In dogs, the disease usually comes suddenly and then growing rapidly.
Entomophthorales on the other hand, can attack even healthy animals. Entomophthorales live in soil and in decaying plant network, and dogs can also contract the organism in the form of dirt from amphibians and reptiles. Insects can also spread the kind Phycomycosis. In the dog is strong enough, this variant of the Phycomycosis usually exists in the form of local infection can become chronic. Some dogs can develop an infection in the upper respiratory tract, so can humans, horses and sheep. In horses, Phycomycosis often exist in the form of lesions on the nose and mouth, sometimes combined with a cold and hard to breathe.
In extreme cases, sinus infections Zygomycosis in dogs can spread from the sinuses into the orbit and the dome of the skull, causing severe rhinocerebral mucormycosis.
In humans, Zygomycosis is not uncommon in healthy individuals. Organisms but can be a serious problem for those who suffer from HIV / AIDS or other problems with the immune system, and patients in acidosis (which can be caused by burns, diabetes, etc.). It can also affect elderly people. Zygomycosis very high risk when the skin or mucous membranes have been hurt.
Lagenidiosis in dogs caused by a vast array of different species Lagenidium, they all like water mold Pythium. Symptoms caused by species Lagenidium Phycomycosis in dogs including progressive lesions on the skin and under the skin. They are mainly found in the dog leg, the trunk, groin and near the tail. Lesions in the form of nodules or ulceration district emerged as the brochure drying. In addition to the lesion, type Phycomycosis in dogs usually cause swollen lymph nodes. The lymphatic system can also act as a way to spread disease, infects the lungs and major blood vessels. Dogs can die if the aneurysm bursts of large blood vessels.
The best thing is knowing Lagenidium Lagenidium giganteum species, because these organisms are used to reduce the number of malaria mosquitoes in full of the world. Lagenidium giganteum is the parasitic larvae of mosquitoes and therefore valuable in the biological control of mosquitoes. Lagenidium species cause Phycomycosis in dogs but other species, not Lagenidium giganteum.