Sporotrichosis is a fungal disease caused by the fungus Sporothrix schenckii named. Sporotrichosis more common in horses and cats, but can infect dogs and humans as well. When a dog is infected by Sporotrichosis, usually manifests in the form of nodular skin lesions located in the head and trunk of the dog. Sporotrichosis is a disease of dogs slow growing and can take 1-12 weeks for the first symptoms that appear when the dog has been infected. Average period between early exposure and symptoms usually appear about three weeks.
Different forms of Sporotrichosis
Cutaneous Sporotrichosis, also known as skin Sporotrichosis
Sporotrichosis skin is the most often occurs from Sporotrichosis, in dogs or other animals. The most prominent symptoms of cutaneous Sporotrichosis is nodular lesions or bumps that appear on the skin. Their symptoms began in the first mushroom get into the body and then can spread along the lymph nodes and vessels. To begin with, small lesions and without pain and dogs are very rarely disturbed. Color varies from pink to purple. If you do not bring your dog to the vet, lesions and lumps can grow bigger and bigger until they look like boils. More and more lesions may appear and eventually the dog will begin to suffer form chronic gastritis.
When a cat is infected, they can develop the kind of skin Sporotrichosis much more severe than those usually seen in dogs.
Sporotrichosis form can grow when the dog has inhaled spores Sporothrix schenckii. Dogs can start to cough and lymph nodes may swell. Cough is often productive, that dog cough mucus. Fibrosis, and nodules and cavitation of the lungs, other symptoms of lung Sporotrichosis in dogs. Sporotrichosis a dog with lung more susceptible to develop lung problems, including pneumonia.
If Sporotrichosis infection spreads from the main page to other parts of the body, the condition is called Sporotrichosis distributed. This is rare in dogs, and is also very serious. Sporotrichosis diseminata can affect the bones and joints of such dogs, and then will be called Sporotrichosis osteoarticular. It can also infect dogs brain and central nervous system, called Sporotrichosis meningitis. Sporotrichosis is a common symptom of disseminated bone lesions, loss of appetite and weight loss.
Transmission of Sporotrichosis
As mentioned above, Sporotrichosis is caused by the fungus Sporothrix schenckii. This fungus is found naturally in soil, plants, straw, peat and similar. If the skin of the dog is very strong, mushrooms are not at risk, but if a dog has a small cut or abrasion mildew can enter and cause Sporotrichosis. You should also keep a cat with Sporotrichosis skin away from other animals, including dogs, cats such as produce many spores from their wounds.
Sporotrichosis lung is the result of inhaling Sporothrix schenckii spores.
Humans catch Sporotrichosis of dogs are very rare but serious form of cat with Sporotrichosis skin has infected some vets enough. When men down with Sporotrichosis, usually result from farm and agricultural workers come in contact with soil, straw, peat or similar. Because roses can spread disease - especially to the hands and forearms cut by the thorns of a rose - Sporotrichosis is one of a number of diseases known as rose-thorn disease or illness rose-gardeners'.
Sporotrichosis treatment for dogs
How to treat your dog for Sporotrichosis will depend on where the disease is and how severe it has become. If your dog is suffering from cutaneous Sporotrichosis, a veterinarian can give oral drops of saturated potassium iodide. Type Sporotrichosis treatment should normally be done for 3-6 months, so it is a good idea to ask your vet about how to do that at home. Other options intraconazole treatment, anti-fungal medication. If your dog can not tolerate Intraconazole (sporanox), flukonazol can be used.
A more potent drugs for Amfoterisin B Sporotrichosis is delivered intravenously. Because of the common occurrence of side effects amfoterisin B, usually prepared for a little dog even more severe cases of Sporotrichosis. Amfoterisin B can for example cause nausea, vomiting and fever. When dogs suffer sporotrichosis meningitis, a powerful combination of Amfoterisin B and 5-fluorocytosine may be required.
When Sporotrichosis cause bone infection and nodule cavitatory in dog lungs, operations may be required.