Monday, January 14, 2013

Pythiosis in Dogs

What is Pythiosis?

Pythiosis is a disease caused by a fungi called Pythium insidiosum water. This disease is a problem especially for dogs and horses, but mildew can infect humans and other animals such as horses, cattle and cats. When infected dog Pythium insidiosum, often affecting the lymph nodes and digestive system. In other animals, the more common skin problems. Young dog of great nations more vulnerable to Pythiosis than other dogs.

Pythium insidiosum different from other mushrooms found in the genus Pythium, as Pythium insidiosum has zoospora a chemically attracted not only to decompose plant network, but a network of skin, hair and rotting animals too.

What is the difference between Pythiosis and Phycomycosis?

Phycomycosis is a condition that can be caused by a variety of different print and fungi, including Pythium insidiosum. Pythiosis is the most common form of Phycomycosis, another example of the kind Phycomycosis Zygomycosis and Lagenidiosis.

Pythiosis occurrence and transmission

Pythium insidiosum prints found in North America, South America, Southeast Asia, Eastern Australia, and New Zeeland. It lived in a world where the winters are mild, because that does not require standing water freezes to survive. In the United States, Pythium insidiosum is most often found in the countries of the warm Gulf (especially Louisiana), but also has been detected in the East and Midwest of the country.

Pythium insidiosum live in the swamps and other forms of stagnant water and sent to the dogs when they drink water. It is also possible to print Pythium insidiosum to infect dogs through the wound, and several studies have shown that lesions in the digestive tract may be necessary to capture Pythiosis by drinking contaminated water.

Pythiosis symptoms in dogs

When Pythium insidiosum gain entry to the dog, it will begin to grow slowly in the stomach and small intestine of animals. Finally, a big bump composed of granulation networks will develop in the stomach and small intestine, and the disease can spread to nearby lymph nodes. In dogs, the most common symptoms of stomach related Pythiosis, such as vomiting, diarrhea and weight loss. Can also appear en masse in the stomach. Pythiosis in dogs can make them weak and depressed. If Pythium insidiosum infect the dog's skin, can cause ulceration bump. Pythiosis very rare form of the dog, but that does not happen in a few seconds. Although rare, Pythiosis can also occur in the lung and dog bone.

Pythiosis treatment for dogs

Pythiosis behavior standards for dogs will often involve complex operations and long enough. Surgery should be accompanied by antijamur medication for at least 2-3 months, as Itrakonazol and Terbinafine hydrochloride. Unfortunately, postoperative recurrence is not uncommon in dogs infected Pythiosis. Antijamur drugs will often only have a limited impact.

When humans are infected by Pythium insidiosum existing alternatives, and the veterinarian members and researchers may benefit from comparative success achieved in the human side of medicine in their search for more effective treatments for dogs Pythiosis. Mankind has for example been successfully treated with caspofungin. Problems with caspofungin is that it is very expensive, so outside the area for many dog ​​owners. In both humans and horses with Pythiosis, immunotherapy has been proven successful in the past and this may be a possible Pythiosis treatment for dogs as well.


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