Thursday, January 24, 2013

Granulomatus Meningoenecephalitis in Dogs

What is granulomatous meningoencephalitis (GME)?

Granulomatous meningoencephalitis (GME) is a disease in which the central nervous system of the dog becomes inflamed. There are many different types of granulomatous meningoencephalitis, including chronic Pug Dog Encephalitis.

Granulomatous meningoencephalitis (GME) is a descendant toys more general than the other varieties, and female dogs are often affected than male dogs. The majority of dogs diagnosed with granulomatous meningoencephalitis (GME) were young or middle age.

Type of granulomatous meningoencephalitis

Focal granulomatous meningoencephalitis
In dogs with focal granulomatous meningoencephalitis, the disease causes granuloma formation, usually in the brain or cerebellopontine angle of the dog. Focal granulomatous meningoencephalitis symptoms can be acute or develop gradually over several months, depending on where exactly granuloma are.

Diseminata granulomatous meningoencephalitis
When granulomatous meningoencephalitis spread throughout the central nervous system of dogs, is called granulomatous meningoencephalitis distributed. (Previously, this condition is often referred to as inflammatory Reticulosis.) In dogs suffering from disseminated granulomatous meningoencephalitis cells, mononuclear and neutrophils are accumulated around the blood vessels of the central nervous system. General symptoms disseminated granulomatous meningoencephalitis dog is depression, problems with movement coordination, head tilt, nystagmus, and seizures. Meningitis can be set in and cause fever and sore throat.

In the eyes of granulomatous meningoencephalitis
Ocular granulomatous meningoencephalitis is a very rare form of granulomatous meningoencephalitis causing sudden blindness dog. Blindness is a result of optic neuritis, and the disease will affect both eyes. Some dogs will also develop retinal ablation, uveitis, and glaucoma.

Pug Dog Encephalitis

Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE) is a chronic form of granulomatous meningoencephalitis that can be passed in Pugs, Yorkshire terriers and Maltese dogs. Chihuahua and Shih Tzus can also suffer Pug Dog Encephalitis. Pug Dog Encephalitis different from other forms of granulomatous meningoencephalitis due to cause more tissue damage and more tests will show increased eosinophils. Pug Dog Encephalitis is also known as necrotizing meningoencephalitis.

When Pugs and Maltese dogs that are affected, they usually will develop extensive necrosis and inflammation of the white matter and materials subkortikal big brain gray. Two early symptoms of general Pug Dog Encephalitis in Pugs and Maltese dogs are stiff and dementia. As the disease progresses, the dog may start circling around, it might keep his head tilted, and nystagmus may occur.

When Yorkshire terrier, Chihuahua and Shih Tzus expand Pug Dog Encephalitis, this disease will only affect the white matter and the symptoms are due to the brain stem and central vestibular problems. Because of this, Pug Dog Diseases sometimes referred to as necrotizing leukoencephalitis when influencing descent.

Whatever breed of Pug Dog Encephalitis down with (PDE), the treatment will consist of corticosteroids. Corticosteroids can relieve symptoms, but many dogs with Pug Dog Encephalitis will eventually die from the disease.

Granulomatous meningoencephalitis treatment for all dogs breeds

When granulomatous meningoencephalitis was diagnosed, the veterinarian can manage immunosuppressive drugs such as azathioprine, cyclophosphamide, or Corticosteroids. Cytosine arabinoside, siklosporin, and prokarbazin also been used to successfully treat granulomatous meningoencephalitis in dogs.

When it comes to GME focus, radiation therapy is known to cause a long remission.

Medical treatment and / or radiation therapy can reduce symptoms, but many dogs with granulomatous meningoencephalitis will eventually die from the disease.