Tuesday, January 8, 2013

Thrombocytopenia in Dogs

If the dog has an abnormal concentration of thrombocytopenia is suffering from low platelets in the blood. Platelets are the blood cells responsible for blood clotting to stop bleeding when dogs meet the injury. A dog suffering from thrombocytopenia because that would suffer bleeding unusually long, for example after an accident and surgical procedures. Female dogs may also suffer prolonged bleeding during oestrous cycle. Thrombocytopenia in dogs can be caused by a wide range of things, from rickettsial infections for certain types of cancer.

Symptoms of thrombocytopenia in dogs

Small red spots on the white part of the eye dog
Small red spots on gums
Small red spots on the skin
Lesions on the skin
Blood in the urine
Blood in the stool
Bleeding that will not stop as quickly as they normally would

Thrombocytopenia treatment

The treatment is right for thrombocytopenia in dogs naturally will depend on the underlying reason. Instead of just trying to block the effects of thrombocytopenia, a veterinarian so it will try to find the cause of abnormal concentration of low platelets and remedy the problem. The vet will also need to know about all kinds of medicines and natural medicines that have given your dog, because the drug may cause thrombocytopenia in dogs.

Pending the results of specific tests for infectious diseases, the vet may decide to give your dog antibiotics, usually tetracycline. Tetracyclin good in situations like this because this kind of antibiotic effective against rickettsia, which is a bacterial agent known to cause thrombocytopenia in dogs. Ricksettsia are back ehrlichiosis and Rocky Mountain spotted fever in dogs.
Enough platelet transfusion from a healthy dog ​​to dog the pain rarely a good choice as platelet ditransfusikan likely last no more than a few days - at most. Transfusion of whole blood, the blood of which contains plasma and blood cells, is a better alternative and may be the only way to save the life of a dog with massive bleeding. Packed red blood cells without plasma also can prove life-saving in such situations. Prepare platelet-rich plasma is not easy and it is hard to get such arrangements for the dog.

Vincristine is a drug used for chemotherapy in dogs suffering from cancer, and has been shown to speed up the release of platelets from the bone marrow. In dogs in which the bone marrow to work as it should, giving Vincristine can increase platelet release, thereby reducing the severity of thrombocytopenia.

In dogs with suspected platelet absorption, has spleen removed - a Splenektomi referred to - can help because the spleen is an organ in which the majority of the ruined and sequestrated platelets in a dog.

In cases where the immune system destroy platelets dogs, corticosteroids may be given. Corticosteroids are cortisone like drugs. Thrombocytopenia caused by the dog's immune system for example can be treated with Prednisone. If the dog does not respond to the needs of corticosteroids, cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan) and azathioprine (Imuran) are two other alternatives. This medicine is an immune suppressor agents are very powerful and they can produce serious side effects. They will weaken your dog's immune system significantly. Dogs with thrombocytopenia immune system may also need to have their spleen removed. Most veterinarians will start with medications, such as those mentioned above, and the only answer for the operation if the dog does not respond well to medication.

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