Tuesday, January 8, 2013
Pericardial Effusion in Dogs
Serous accumulation in dogs can brough by problems such as cysts pericardial, peritoneopericardial diaphragm hernia, hipoalbuminemia, uremia, or heart failure. Developing Serosanguinus can be caused by rupture of the left atrium, freezing cancer, disorders, idiopathic disase, or trauma. Pericardial effusion in dogs can also be made up of pus that has been produced as a result of the infection, but this is pretty rare.
Which dogs get perikardial effusion?
Compared with acquired cardiovascular problems in dogs, pericardial effusion is normal for dogs. But some dogs trah more prone to effusion pericardial than others, such as the Golden Retrivers, Great Pyrenees and Great Danes. Most of the dogs that develop pericardial effusion is large or giant purebred dogs, and they are usually male and of middle age.
Perikcardial effusion results in dogs
When the liquid begins to build in the pericardial bag of your dog, it will increase the pressure in the sack and compress the heart room. First increased intrapericardial pressure will balance with the right side of the diastolic pressure, because the right atrium and right ventricle diastolic pressure lower than the pressure in the left chamber of the heart. Increased intrapericardial pressure will then cause a condition known as cardiac tamponade. When space in the right side of your dog's heart gets compressed, venous return will drop dramatically and cause jugular venous distention and ascites. Blood flow to the lungs will also be reduced, leading to hypoxia and tachypnea.
What causes pericardial effusion in dogs?
As mentioned above, a variety of health problems can cause pericardial effusion in a dog. One of the most common reasons behind effusion pericardial neoplasia in dogs is heart, which is normal and uncontrolled cell growth in the liver. The second most common reason behind pericardial effusion in dogs is heart base tumors, thyroid carcinoma, especially chemodectoma or ectopic.
A dog with effusion needs pericardial requesting treatment. In most cases, your vet will need to drain the pockets to reduce stress. A catheter may be placed through the chest wall into the pockets of senior dogs. Of fluid may be drained from the pouch, and the samples should be sent to a laboratory for analysis.
Diuretics should be avoided as it will reduce the amount of blood, causing the heart chamber collapse even more. Broad-spectrum antibiotics are often given to dogs with effusion pericardial. Corticosteroids are often given to horses with pericardial effusion, but no benefit for dogs has been scientifically proven.