What is Babesiosis?
Babesiosis is a rare disease in dogs, but it was not there and important for dog owners and veterinarians should jelly on Babesiosis symptoms in dogs. Babesiosis is caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Babesia and the disease is quite similar to malaria. Babesiosis is transmitted by ticks and damage red blood cells in dogs. Dogs are not the only one who can catch Babesiosis from ticks, humans are exposed as well.
The Babesia genus contains over 100 species but not all of them are contagious to dogs. In the United States, some of the dog's dangerous Babesia species have been discovered, including the Canis Babesia and Babesia gibsoni.
Babesiosis delivery for dogs
Babesiosis transmitted to dogs through the bite of infected ticks. A lice must remain attached to the dog for at least 2-3 days to causing disease and check your dog for ticks at least once a day because of the large prevention methods against Babesiosis. Dogs can also send Babesiosis to bite other dogs, and pregnant slut can spread disease to their unborn puppies them.
Babesiosis symptoms in dogs
Babesia parasites infect red blood cells of dogs, and this will cause the dog's immune system to kill the red blood cells are infected. This will kill the parasite Babesia, but if a large number of red blood cells are lost in the process will give your dog anemia. The immune system can also run amok and starts killing red blood cells infected too.
Babesiosis common symptoms in dogs are weakness, fever, yellow dye eye (and skin), and the urine is red or orange. Platelet count in the blood can drop significantly, which makes possible the normal blood clotting. If parasites attack the central nervous system, a dog with Babesiosis can display neurological problems, as well as local inflammation. Lungs may also be damaged by Babesiosis, and some dogs will also suffer heart problems.
Babesia treatment for dogs
Present form Babesia treatment has severe side effects, and most veterinarians to treat dogs will avoid long as they do not show symptoms. It is possible for dogs infected with Babesia without getting sick. Even with medicine, can be difficult to completely eliminate all parasites from the dog. If you have a female dog that tested positive Babesia, he can not be used to breed - even if he is completely free of symptoms.
Besides killing parasites, the vet will need to reduce the damage caused by the disease. About 50% of dogs will need blood transfusions such symptoms.
If you live in the United States, your veterinarian may use dipropionat Imidocarb
to treat your dog as this is the only Babesia drugs approved in the United States. A single dose can be enough to get rid of your dog from Babesia Canis, whereas Babesia gibsoni and other small Babesia species will require at least two doses given two weeks apart. Imidocarb dipropionat should be vaccinated and are usually quite painful for the dog. Dogs may also experience fever, muscle tremors, chills, increased heart rate, salivation, swelling of the face, agitated and tore points. Some vet because inject atropine in dogs before injecting dipropionat Imidocarb.
If you live outside the U.S., you may be able to find Aceturate Babesiosis Diminazene since this drug is a very popular treatment for Babesiosis around the world, especially for Babesia Canis. A single injection is usually enough to cure a dog if the culprit is Babesia Canis. Just like Imidocarb dipropionat, Diminazene Aceturate have serious side effects, including seizures, low blood pressure, and nausea. It is possible for a dog to death as a side effect of this drug. The self-injection also painful.
Two other drugs that are available outside the United States is sulfate Quinuronium and isetionat Phenamidine. If you fail to find isetionat Phenamidine in your home country, isetionat Pentamidine can be used as a substitute. (PHENamidine vs pentamidin.) Sulfate Quinuronium similar to malaria treatment and your dog will require two injections two separate days. In most dogs, you can see a marked improvement after the second injection with Quinuronium sulfate.
Last but not least, blue tripan can be used to restrict the entry of Babesia parasites in red blood cells of dogs. This will reduce the symptoms of Babesiosis in dogs and is given as an infusion.
Babesia Future medicine for dogs
A new type of Babesia treatment for dogs are currently being tested and has shown promising results. Treatment consists of a combination therapy where dogs given Atovaquone, Azitromycin, Quinine, and / or Clyndamycin.
Babesia vaccine for dogs
A Babesia vaccine currently available in France, but it seems to be effective only against certain strains of the parasite. Studies in France have shown the effectiveness of this vaccine is 89% of the Babesia.