Since Pugs have long snouts and prominent skeletal brow ridges, which are susceptible to eye injuries and scratched corneas and painful Entropion and proptosis. They also have respiratory compact, leaving many unable to breathe adequately effective or regulate their evaporation temperature of the tongue. Normal body temperature of a pug is between 101 ° F (38 ° C) and 102 ° F (39 ° C). If the temperature rises to 105 ° F (41 ° C) are no longer able to cope and to cool the demand for oxygen is much higher, and requires immediate cooling. If the temperature reaches 108 ° F (42 ° C), internal organs begin to break at the cellular level, which can lead to serious health problems or long-term death.Pugs live a sedentary life may be particularly prone to obesity , although this can be prevented with regular exercise and a healthy diet. Pugs are also subject to respiratory problems caused by the narrowing of the trachea and a flat surface. The average life expectancy is 11 years Pugs.
A BBC documentary investigation found significant cross between purebred dogs, with a study from Imperial College London, showing that the 10,000 pugs in the UK are so inbred that their genetic makeup is the equivalent of only 50 individuals .
Pugs can suffer from necrotizing meningoencephalitis (NME), also known as dog encephalitis (PDE), an inflammation of the brain and meninges, which also occurs in other small breeds such as maltese and chihuahua. There is no known cause or cure for the NME, but is believed to be hereditary. All dogs usually die or are killed in a few months after the onset of clinical signs, which usually occur anywhere from 6 months to 7 years.
This race, along with other dogs brachycephalics (such as boxers, bulldogs), are also prone to hemivertebrae. The screwtail is an example of a hemivertebrae, but when it happens in other areas of the spine can be devastating, causing severe paralysis, so that the recommendation of euthanasia is a grave. The condition occurs when two parts of the spine does not fuse properly, while a young pug continues to grow, resulting in pressure being placed on the back.
Pugs have many wrinkles on their faces, owners normally special care to clean inside the creases, as irritation and infection can result from inadequate attention. Hip dysplasia is a major problem for the race, with 63.8% of pugs that are influenced according to a survey of Orthopedic Foundation for Animals, and were classified according to the most affected by the condition of 157 breeds tested.
The Pug, and other short-faced breeds have a long palate. When excited, they are subject to "reverse sneeze" where the dog quickly, and apparently laborious, panting and puffing. The name of the veterinarian who is gagging throat. This is caused by fluid or debris getting caught under the palate and throat irritation or restrict breathing. "Reverse sneezing" episodes are not usually harmful to the pug and resolve themselves. Massage the dog's neck or nose for breathing through the mouth can often reduce the episodes.
Pugs are one of several breeds that are more susceptible to scab, also known as Demodex. This condition is caused by a compromised immune system, and is a minor problem for many young Pugs. This disease causes a lot more easily than normal dogs. And 'easily treatable, but some are particularly vulnerable and will be presented with a systemic form of the disease. This vulnerability is believed to be genetic and breeders to avoid breeding dogs that have had this condition. Consanguinity is also a known cause for these problems.